Jürgen Lewalter

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1. Nine male volunteers were exposed to the pyrethroid insecticide cyfluthrin. The study was performed in an exposure room, where an aerosol containing cyfluthrin was sprayed to obtain atmospheres with mean cyfluthrin concentrations of 160 and 40 micrograms/m3. Four volunteers were exposed for 10, 30 and 60 min at 160 micrograms/m3 and another five(More)
4,4'-Methylenedianiline (MDA) and 4,4'-methylenediphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) are important intermediates in the production of polyurethanes. In order to biomonitor people exposed to low levels of MDA or MDI we have developed sensitive methods to measure hemoglobin (Hb) adducts and urine metabolites. Adducts and metabolites from 33 workers exposed to MDA and(More)
Case reports of human accidental poisonings point to significant individual differences in human acrylonitrile metabolism and toxicity. A cohort of 59 persons with industrial handling of low levels of acrylonitrile has repetitively been studied from 1994 through 1999 as part of a medical surveillance programme. The analyses included adduct determinations of(More)
Internal stress of aromatic amines has so far been evaluated by their determination in blood or urine and by the degree of methemoglobin formation. Animal experiments have shown that these materials can form adducts and conjugates with proteins and nucleic acids. Our investigations show that these processes can also occur in human metabolism. For this the(More)
The high acute toxicity of acrylonitrile may be a result of its intrinsic biological reactivity or of its metabolite cyanide. Intravenous N-acetylcysteine has been recommended for treatment of accidental intoxications in acrylonitrile workers, but such recommendations vary internationally. Acrylonitrile is metabolized in humans and experimental animals via(More)
Fifty-nine persons with industrial handling of low levels of acrylonitrile (AN) were studied. As part of a medical surveillance programme an extended haemoglobin adduct monitoring [N-(cyanoethyl)valine, CEV; N-(methyl)valine, MV; N-(hydroxyethyl)valine, HEV] was performed. Moreover, the genetic states of the polymorphic glutathione transferases GSTM1 and(More)
  • J Lewalter
  • International archives of occupational and…
  • 1996
Adducts with the N-terminal valine of erythrocyte globin can serve as individual biomarkers of systemic and cellular exposure to endogenous and exogenous alkylating agents. In contrast to "detoxification markers" of this kind of mecapturic acids derived from alkylation of glutathione, individual N-alkylations of valine in globin reflect the formally(More)
OBJECTIVES This study presents criteria for assessing the individual pesticide burden of workers in the chemical industry. METHODS A group of 1003 workers exposed to methylparathion or ethylparathion (alkyl phosphates), propoxur (carbamate), or cyfluthrin (pyrethroid) was investigated. After exposure to methylparathion or ethylparathion the(More)
The most frequent outcome of the usually transdermal absorption of hexavalent chromium compounds is uraemia due to tubular necrosis. We have confirmed earlier observations that this can be prevented by the immediate application of ascorbic acid (AA) with the aim of reducing Cr(VI) to Cr(III). The spontaneous reducing capacity of samples of serum and plasma(More)
To investigate the contribution of cigarette smoking to the levels of N-methylvaline and N-hydroxyethylvaline in hemoglobin we analyzed samples from 32 smokers and 37 nonsmokers. The average background levels of the nonsmoking individuals were determined to be 1175 +/- 176 pmol N-methylvaline/g globin, ranging from 722 to 1516 pmol/g globin, and 46 +/- 12(More)