Jürgen Krieger

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The remarkable responsiveness of male moths to female released pheromones is based on the extremely sensitive and selective reaction of highly specialized sensory cells in the male antennae. These cells are supposed to be equipped with male-specific receptors for pheromonal compounds, however, the nature of these receptors is still elusive. By using a(More)
Males of the moth species Heliothis virescens are able to detect the female-released pheromone with remarkable sensitivity and specificity, distinguishing between highly related pheromonal compounds. In the past, electrophysiological studies succeeded in assigning sensory hairs to identified compounds revealing three functional types of long sensilla(More)
Xenopus laevis possess a gene repertoire encoding two distinct classes of olfactory receptors: one class related to receptors of fish and one class similar to receptors of mammals. Sequence comparison indicates that the fish-like receptors represent closely related members of only two subfamilies, whereas mammalian-like receptors are more distantly related,(More)
The antennae of moths have been an invaluable model for studying the principles of odour perception. In spite of the enormous progress in understanding olfaction on the molecular level, for the moth one of the key elements in olfactory signalling, the odourant receptors, are still elusive. We have assessed a genome database of a heliothine moth (Heliothis(More)
Pheromone-binding proteins (PBPs), located in the sensillum lymph of pheromone-responsive antennal hairs, are thought to transport the hydrophobic pheromones to the chemosensory membranes of olfactory neurons. It is currently unclear what role PBPs may play in the recognition and discrimination of species-specific pheromones. We have investigated the(More)
One subtype of the pheromone binding proteins of the silkmoth Antheraea polyphemus (ApolPBP1) has been analysed exploiting the two endogenous tryptophan residues as fluorescent probe. The intrinsic fluorescence exhibited a rather narrow spectrum with a maximum at 336 nm. Site-directed mutagenesis experiments revealed that one of the tryptophan residues(More)
Myriads of odorous molecules that vary widely in structure are nevertheless readily detected and discriminated by the sense of smell, but how this is achieved by the olfactory system has been a long-standing puzzle. Several different models have been proposed, and previous observations indicate that the recognition sites for odorous molecules could be(More)
Females of the sibling silkmoth species Antheraea polyphemus and A. pernyi use the same three sex pheromone components in different ratios to attract conspecific males. Accordingly, the sensory hairs on the antennae of males contain three receptor cells sensitive to each of the pheromone components. In agreement with the number of pheromones used, three(More)
From an antennal library of Bombyx mori cDNA clones encoding different binding proteins have been isolated. The deduced amino acid sequences showed only moderate homology to each other but shared several common structural features. Based on a sequence comparison with the antennal binding proteins from different moth species, one of the clones appears to(More)
Chemosensory neurons in the vomeronasal organ (VNO) detect pheromones related to social and reproductive behavior in most terrestrial vertebrates. Current evidence indicate that the chemoelectrical transduction process is mediated by G protein-coupled second messenger cascades. In the present study, attempts were made to identify the G protein subtypes(More)