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The possible involvement of the dopamine D1 receptor subtype in mechanisms of long-term potentiation (LTP) of the Schaffer collateral-commissural input of CA1 neurones was investigated using D1-deficient mutant mice. In transversal hippocampus slices from mice lacking the D1 receptor a normal post-tetanic and short-term potentiation could be induced after(More)
Prodynorphin, the precursor of the dynorphin opioid peptides, has been shown to play an important role in several aspects of human diseases and complex traits, e.g., drug abuse, epilepsy, and mood disorders. The objective of this study was to identify polymorphisms in the 5' control region of the human prodynorphin gene and to relate these polymorphisms to(More)
Morphine modulates neuronal and immune cell functions via mu-opioid receptors. In primary and Jurkat T cells, and Raji B cells mu-opioid receptor transcripts were detected only after stimulation of the cells with IL-4 or TNF-alpha. Moreover, the amount of the induced mu-opioid receptor mRNA in the immune cells was 15 to 200 times less than those in primary(More)
PURPOSE Cognitive disorders are common in MS patients without any generally recommended treatment. Recent brain imaging studies show considerable neuroplasticity for cognitive tasks in MS patients, but also brain atrophy already early in the disease progression. We explored the benefits of a home-based cognitive training program for memory and working(More)
Endocannabinoids act as neuromodulatory and neuroprotective cues by engaging type 1 cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are highly abundant in the basal ganglia and play a pivotal role in the control of motor behaviour. An early downregulation of type 1 cannabinoid receptors has been documented in the basal ganglia of patients with Huntington's disease(More)
Six patients with recurrent or progressive anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors after surgical treatment and irradiation were treated with six/seven cycles of intensified PCV: Vincristine (1 mg/m(2)), CCNU (50 mg/m(2)) d.1,15 and procarbazine (75 mg/m(2)) d.2 to 29. If leukocytopenia (< 2.500/microl) or thrombocytopenia (< 75.000/microl) developed, 1 x 10(6)(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whole brain and central brain atrophy as well as their differential relation to memory, cognitive performance, fatigue, depression and quality of life in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). METHODS A 3D flow compensated gradient recalled T1-weighted MRI was acquired in 45 RRMS patients. An automated analysis(More)
To investigate the role of mu opioid receptors in the reinforcing effects of psychotropic drugs, the voluntary ethanol intake and ethanol- and cocaine-induced conditioned place preference in mu opioid receptor-deficient mice and their wild-type counterpartners was tested. Moreover, dopamine D1 and D2 receptor binding was measured. It was found that ethanol(More)
Opioid receptors are expressed in neuronal and immune cells and regulated in response to immunological processes. Herein, we demonstrate up-regulation of the delta-opioid receptor gene by interleukin-4 in immune cells (primary T and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, Jurkat E6 T cells), and in NG 108-15 neuronal cells. We identified an interleukin-4-responsive(More)
Malignant astrocytomas are among the most common brain tumours and few therapeutic options exist. It has recently been recognized that the ligand-activated nuclear receptor PPARgamma can regulate cellular proliferation and induce apoptosis in different malignant cells. We report the effect of three structurally different PPARgamma agonists inducing(More)