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Opiates function as immunomodulators, partly by their effects on T cells. Opioids act via mu-, delta-, and kappa-opioid receptors, among which the mu-type is of particular interest, because morphine-like opioids preferentially bind to it. Here we report that mu-opioid receptor mRNA was induced after CD3/28-mediated activation of primary human T lymphocytes(More)
The possible involvement of the dopamine D1 receptor subtype in mechanisms of long-term potentiation (LTP) of the Schaffer collateral-commissural input of CA1 neurones was investigated using D1-deficient mutant mice. In transversal hippocampus slices from mice lacking the D1 receptor a normal post-tetanic and short-term potentiation could be induced after(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant astrocytic glioma and usually resistant to chemotherapy. A small fraction of glioblastomas may contain areas with histological features of oligodendroglial differentiation. To determine the molecular genetic alterations in such "glioblastomas with oligodendroglial component", we investigated 13 of these tumors(More)
Prodynorphin, the precursor of the dynorphin opioid peptides, has been shown to play an important role in several aspects of human diseases and complex traits, e.g., drug abuse, epilepsy, and mood disorders. The objective of this study was to identify polymorphisms in the 5' control region of the human prodynorphin gene and to relate these polymorphisms to(More)
Despite multimodal therapy, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is associated with a poor prognosis with a median survival of less than 1 year. However, a small number of patients with GBM shows survival times of several years. Although clinical features like age and performance status at diagnosis are well known prognostic parameters, molecular markers for(More)
Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumours (sPNETs) are malignant central nervous system tumours of childhood which are histologically characterized by poorly differentiated neuroepithelial cells with the capacity for divergent differentiation into glial, neuronal, myogenic or melanotic lines. The histological differential diagnosis between sPNET and(More)
Morphine modulates neuronal and immune cell functions via mu-opioid receptors. In primary and Jurkat T cells, and Raji B cells mu-opioid receptor transcripts were detected only after stimulation of the cells with IL-4 or TNF-alpha. Moreover, the amount of the induced mu-opioid receptor mRNA in the immune cells was 15 to 200 times less than those in primary(More)
PURPOSE Cognitive disorders are common in MS patients without any generally recommended treatment. Recent brain imaging studies show considerable neuroplasticity for cognitive tasks in MS patients, but also brain atrophy already early in the disease progression. We explored the benefits of a home-based cognitive training program for memory and working(More)
Endocannabinoids act as neuromodulatory and neuroprotective cues by engaging type 1 cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are highly abundant in the basal ganglia and play a pivotal role in the control of motor behaviour. An early downregulation of type 1 cannabinoid receptors has been documented in the basal ganglia of patients with Huntington's disease(More)
The overall prognosis for patients with glioblastoma multiforme is extremely poor. However, a small proportion of patients enjoy prolonged survival. This study investigated retrospectively the extent to which erroneous histopathological classification may contribute to long-term survival of patients initially diagnosed with "glioblastoma multiforme." We(More)