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Prodynorphin, the precursor of the dynorphin opioid peptides, has been shown to play an important role in several aspects of human diseases and complex traits, e.g., drug abuse, epilepsy, and mood disorders. The objective of this study was to identify polymorphisms in the 5' control region of the human prodynorphin gene and to relate these polymorphisms to(More)
Opiates function as immunomodulators, partly by their effects on T cells. Opioids act via mu-, delta-, and kappa-opioid receptors, among which the mu-type is of particular interest, because morphine-like opioids preferentially bind to it. Here we report that mu-opioid receptor mRNA was induced after CD3/28-mediated activation of primary human T lymphocytes(More)
The rapid spread of the use of new 24-color karyotyping techniques has preceded their standardization. This is best documented by the fact that the exact resolution limits have not yet been defined. Indeed, it is shown here that a substantial proportion of interchromosomal aberrations will be missed by all multicolor karyotyping systems currently in use. We(More)
Inactivating mutations in the PTCH gene, a human homologue of the Drosophila segment polarity gene patched, have been identified recently in patients with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. These patients are predisposed to various neoplasias including basal cell carcinomas and medulloblastomas (MBs). To determine the involvement of PTCH in sporadic MBs,(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant astrocytic glioma and usually resistant to chemotherapy. A small fraction of glioblastomas may contain areas with histological features of oligodendroglial differentiation. To determine the molecular genetic alterations in such "glioblastomas with oligodendroglial component", we investigated 13 of these tumors(More)
Endocannabinoids act as neuromodulatory and neuroprotective cues by engaging type 1 cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are highly abundant in the basal ganglia and play a pivotal role in the control of motor behaviour. An early downregulation of type 1 cannabinoid receptors has been documented in the basal ganglia of patients with Huntington's disease(More)
Opioids and their receptors are key players in a cross-talk between the nervous and immune systems. For example, the endogenous opioid system is activated during inflammation as a physiological feedback mechanism to attenuate inflammatory pain. Herein, we report that in primary human T lymphocytes, Raji B cells, U937 monocytes, primary human(More)
The possible involvement of the dopamine D1 receptor subtype in mechanisms of long-term potentiation (LTP) of the Schaffer collateral-commissural input of CA1 neurones was investigated using D1-deficient mutant mice. In transversal hippocampus slices from mice lacking the D1 receptor a normal post-tetanic and short-term potentiation could be induced after(More)
Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumours (sPNETs) are malignant central nervous system tumours of childhood which are histologically characterized by poorly differentiated neuroepithelial cells with the capacity for divergent differentiation into glial, neuronal, myogenic or melanotic lines. The histological differential diagnosis between sPNET and(More)
Metastasis is responsible for most deaths from cancer. Currently, little is known about the early genetic events in the metastatic evolution. Here we describe the application of a newly developed strategy for an in-depth characterization of genomic changes in micrometastatic cells. Unique tumor cell lines were established from bone marrow of patients with(More)