Jürgen Kraus

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The rapid spread of the use of new 24-color karyotyping techniques has preceded their standardization. This is best documented by the fact that the exact resolution limits have not yet been defined. Indeed, it is shown here that a substantial proportion of interchromosomal aberrations will be missed by all multicolor karyotyping systems currently in use. We(More)
The possible involvement of the dopamine D1 receptor subtype in mechanisms of long-term potentiation (LTP) of the Schaffer collateral-commissural input of CA1 neurones was investigated using D1-deficient mutant mice. In transversal hippocampus slices from mice lacking the D1 receptor a normal post-tetanic and short-term potentiation could be induced after(More)
In this study, immunocytogenetics has been used in combination with the subtelomere-specific multiplex-fluorescent in-situ hybridization (stM-FISH) assay to identify 4681 autosomal synaptonemal complexes (SCs) of two fertile men. Comparisons of crossover maps for each individual SC between two men with extremely different meiotic crossover frequencies show(More)
Prodynorphin, the precursor of the dynorphin opioid peptides, has been shown to play an important role in several aspects of human diseases and complex traits, e.g., drug abuse, epilepsy, and mood disorders. The objective of this study was to identify polymorphisms in the 5' control region of the human prodynorphin gene and to relate these polymorphisms to(More)
Effects of cannabinoids (CBs) are mediated by two types of receptors, CB1 and CB2. In this report, we investigated whether CBs regulate gene expression of their cognate receptors in T cells and studied underlying mechanisms in CD4+ Jurkat T cells. Transcription of the CB1 gene was strongly induced in response to Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), whereas(More)
Morphine-induced place preference was demonstrated recently in wild-type mice, whereas this conditioned behaviour was not observed in µ-opioid receptor-deficient mice. In the present study, we investigated locomotor effects of subcutaneously (s.c.) injected morphine as well as intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) morphine self-administration in µ-opioid(More)
Morphine and the endogenous opioid peptide -endorphin exert neuromodulatory as well as immunomodulatory effects, which are transduced by -opioid receptors. In this report we show that stimulation with interleukin-4 induces -opioid receptor transcripts in human primary blood cells (T cells and polymorphonuclear leukocytes), immune cell lines (Raji, U-937,(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations of synapsis can disturb or arrest meiosis and result in infertility. Synaptic abnormalities are frequently observed in infertile patients but also in fertile men. METHODS The subtelomere-specific multiplex fluorescence in-situ hybridization (stM-FISH) has been applied in combination with immunofluorescence to identify all(More)
 The interaction of phloretin with single lipid bilayers on a spherical support and with multilamellar vesicles was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The results indicated that phloretin interacts with the lipid layer and changes its structural parameters. In DSC experiments, phloretin in its neutral(More)
Endocannabinoids act as neuromodulatory and neuroprotective cues by engaging type 1 cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are highly abundant in the basal ganglia and play a pivotal role in the control of motor behaviour. An early downregulation of type 1 cannabinoid receptors has been documented in the basal ganglia of patients with Huntington's disease(More)