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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness and comparability of PCA-based simplifications of ERP waveforms versus their reference-free Laplacian transformations for separating task- and response-related ERP generator patterns during auditory oddball tasks. METHODS Nose-referenced ERPs (31 sites total) were recorded from 66 right-handed adults during oddball(More)
Dense electrode arrays offer numerous advantages over single channel electroencephalogram/event-related potential (EEG/ERP) recordings, but also exaggerate the influence of common error sources arising from the preparation of scalp placements. Even with conventional low density recordings (e.g. 30-channel Electro-Cap), over-application of electrode gel may(More)
Depression may involve dysfunction of right parietotemporal cortex, a region activated during perception of affective stimuli. To further test this hypothesis, event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were measured in a paradigm previously shown to produce ERP asymmetries to affective stimuli over parietal sites in healthy adults. Pictures of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Prior studies using simple target detection ("oddball") tasks with pure tones have reported asymmetric reduction of the P3 event-related potential (ERP). This study investigated the time course and topography of ERPs recorded during both tonal and phonetic oddball tasks. METHODS Event-related potentials of 66 patients (14 unmedicated) diagnosed(More)
OBJECTIVE Definition of appropriate frequency bands and choice of recording reference limit the interpretability of quantitative EEG, which may be further compromised by distorted topographies or inverted hemispheric asymmetries when employing conventional (non-linear) power spectra. In contrast, fPCA factors conform to the spectral structure of empirical(More)
The topographic ambiguity and reference-dependency that has plagued EEG/ERP research throughout its history are largely attributable to volume conduction, which may be concisely described by a vector form of Ohm's Law. This biophysical relationship is common to popular algorithms that infer neuronal generators via inverse solutions. It may be further(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine how specific methodological choices affect "data-driven" simplifications of event-related potentials (ERPs) using principal components analysis (PCA). The usefulness of the extracted component measures can be evaluated by knowledge about the variance distribution of ERPs, which are characterized by the removal of baseline activity.(More)
ERP topographies for 30 scalp electrodes were examined in 26 healthy right-handed volunteers during oddball tasks (20% targets) using binaurally presented consonant-vowel syllables or complex tones. Response hand was counterbalanced across participants. Both window averages and a principal components analysis (PCA) with Varimax rotation revealed(More)
To investigate the hypothesis of a right hemispheric superiority in negative emotional processing, event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 17 sites (Fz, Cz, Pz, F3/4, F7/8, C3/4, T7/8, P3/4, P7/8, O1/2) in a visual half-field paradigm. While maintaining fixation, right-handed women viewed pictures of patients with dermatological diseases before(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the comparability of high- and low-density surface Laplacian estimates for determining ERP generator patterns of group data derived from a typical ERP sample size and paradigm. METHODS High-density ERP data (129 sites) recorded from 17 adults during tonal and phonetic oddball tasks were converted to a 10-20-system EEG montage (31(More)