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Built on an analogy between the visual and auditory systems, the following dual stream model for language processing was suggested recently: a dorsal stream is involved in mapping sound to articulation, and a ventral stream in mapping sound to meaning. The goal of the study presented here was to test the neuroanatomical basis of this model. Combining(More)
Based on the principles of echo imaging, we present a method to acquire sufficient data for a 256 X 256 image in from 2 to 40 s. The image contrast is dominated by the transverse relaxation time T2. Sampling all projections for 2D FT image reconstruction in one (or a few) echo trains leads to image artifacts due to the different T2 weighting of the echo.(More)
We have examined the activity levels produced in various areas of the human occipital cortex in response to various motion stimuli using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) methods. In addition to standard luminance-defined (first-order) motion, three types of second-order motion were used. The areas examined were the motion area V5 (MT) and the(More)
Echo-planar imaging (EPI) is an ultrafast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique prone to geometric distortions. Various correction techniques have been developed to remedy these distortions. Here improvements of the point spread function (PSF) mapping approach are presented, which enable reliable and fully automated distortion correction of echo-planar(More)
Neural correlates of electroencephalographic (EEG) alpha rhythm are poorly understood. Here, we related EEG alpha rhythm in awake humans to blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal change determined by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Topographical EEG was recorded simultaneously with fMRI during an open versus closed eyes and an auditory(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Recent in vivo studies using proton magnetic resonance (1H-MR) spectroscopy showed low levels of myo-inositol in the brain in hepatic encephalopathy; the pathogenetic relevance of this observation is unclear. METHODS Myo-inositol and glutamine levels in the brain were studied in vivo by 1H-MR spectroscopy in patients with hypo-osmolarity(More)
Subject motion and associated artefacts limit the applicability of MRI and the achievable quality of the images acquired. In this paper, a fully integrated method for prospective correction of arbitrary rigid body motion employing an external motion tracking device is demonstrated for the first time. The position of the imaging volume is updated prior to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is associated with typical changes of cerebral metabolite pattern observed by proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy consisting of a depletion of myo-inositol and an increase of glutamine. The aim of this study was to determine whether abnormalities in brain metabolism in neurologically asymptomatic(More)
A spectroscopic MR technique was used to investigate the time course of the MR signal following a single visual stimulus. Gated experiments demonstrate there is an early response (500 ms after stimulus) leading to a reduction of the MR signal by -0.25% (P = 0.02), whereas a slower response (> 1500 ms after stimulus) results in a signal increase of +0.59% (P(More)
Current resting-state network analysis often looks for coherent spontaneous BOLD signal fluctuations at frequencies below 0.1 Hz in a multiple-minutes scan. However hemodynamic signal variation can occur at a faster rate, causing changes in functional connectivity at a smaller time scale. In this study we proposed to use MREG technique to increase the(More)