Jürgen Henk

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The long-range ordered surface alloy Bi/Ag(111) is found to exhibit a giant spin splitting of its surface electronic structure due to spin-orbit coupling, as is determined by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. First-principles electronic structure calculations fully confirm the experimental findings. The effect is brought about by a strong in-plane(More)
We demonstrate a giant Rashba-type spin splitting on a semiconducting substrate by means of a Bi-trimer adlayer on a Si(111) wafer. The in-plane inversion symmetry is broken inducing a giant spin splitting with a Rashba energy of about 140 meV, much larger than what has previously been reported for any semiconductor heterostructure. The separation of the(More)
We have studied the interplay of a giant spin-orbit splitting and of quantum confinement in artificial Bi-Ag-Si trilayer structures. Angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy reveals the formation of a complex spin-dependent gap structure, which can be tuned by varying the thickness of the Ag buffer layer. This provides a means to tailor the electronic(More)
By relativistic first-principles photoemission calculations for the topological insulator Bi2Te3, we study how the spin texture of the Dirac state manifests itself in circular dichroism. On one hand, there are significant modifications of the initial state's spin texture, which are explained by final-state effects and the symmetry of the photoemission(More)
The recently discovered giant magnetic anisotropy of single magnetic Co atoms raises the hope of magnetic storage in small clusters. We present a joint experimental and theoretical study of the magnetic anisotropy and the spin dynamics of Fe and Co atoms, dimers, and trimers on Pt(111). Giant anisotropies of individual atoms and clusters as well as(More)
A topological insulator is a state of quantum matter that, while being an insulator in the bulk, hosts topologically protected electronic states at the surface. These states open the opportunity to realize a number of new applications in spintronics and quantum computing. To take advantage of their peculiar properties, topological insulators should be tuned(More)
First-principles and model calculations show that the Dirac surface state of the topological insulator Bi(2)Te(3) survives upon moderate Mn doping of the surface layers but can lose its topological character as a function of magnetization direction. The dispersion depends considerably on the direction of the Mn magnetization: for perpendicular(More)
The magnetic interlayer coupling in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/SrRuO3 superlattices was investigated. High quality superlattices with ultrathin La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and SrRuO3 layers were fabricated by pulsed laser deposition. The superlattices grew coherently with Mn/Ru intermixing restricted to about one interfacial monolayer. Strong antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling(More)
By means of detailed electronic structure calculations, we show that strained HgTe(x)S(1-x) alloys show a surprisingly rich topological phase diagram. In the strong topological insulator phase, the spin chirality of the topological nontrivial surface states can be reversed by adjusting the alloy concentration x and the strain. On top of this, we predict two(More)
Using a three-dimensional spin polarimeter we have gathered evidence for the interference of spin states in photoemission from the surface alloy Sb/Ag(111). This system features a small Rashba-type spin splitting of a size comparable to the momentum broadening of the quasiparticles, thus causing an intrinsic overlap between states with orthogonal spinors.(More)