Jürgen Geis-Gerstorfer

Learn More
Titanium (Ti) is used for implantable devices because of its biocompatible oxide surface layer. TiO2 surfaces that have a complex microtopography increase bone-to-implant contact and removal torque forces in vivo and induce osteoblast differentiation in vitro. Studies examining osteoblast response to controlled surface chemistries indicate that hydrophilic(More)
Roughness-induced hydrophobicity, well-known from natural plant surfaces and intensively studied toward superhydrophobic surfaces, has currently been identified on microstructured titanium implant surfaces. Studies indicate that microstructuring by sandblasting and acid etching (SLA) enhances the osteogenic properties of titanium. The undesired initial(More)
Dynamic contact angle analysis (DCA) was used to investigate time-dependent wettability changes of sandblasted and acid-etched commercially pure (cp) titanium (Ti) implant modifications during their initial contact with aqueous systems compared to a macrostructured reference surface. Surface topography was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and by(More)
In the past, several modifications of specific surface properties such as topography, structure, chemistry, surface charge, and wettability have been investigated to predictably improve the osseointegration of titanium implants. The aim of the present review was to evaluate, based on the currently available evidence, the impact of hydrophilic surface(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinically relevant properties of the recently introduced ceramic material IPS Empress, which is marketed for all-ceramic restorations. The following parameters were investigated: three- and four-point bending strength, bi-axial flexure strength, compressive and diametral tensile strength, compressive(More)
The functional capacity of osseointegrated dental implants to bear load is largely dependent on the quality of the interface between the bone and implant. Sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA) surfaces have been previously shown to enhance bone apposition. In this study, the SLA has been compared with a chemically modified SLA (modSLA) surface. The increased(More)
Surface micro- and nanostructural modifications of dental and orthopedic implants have shown promising in vitro, in vivo and clinical results. Surface wettability has also been suggested to play an important role in osteoblast differentiation and osseointegration. However, the available techniques to measure surface wettability are not reliable on(More)
To investigate the roles of composition and characteristics of titanium surface oxides in cellular behaviour of osteoblasts, the surface oxides of titanium were modified in composition and topography by anodic oxidation in two kinds of electrolytes, (a) 0.2 M H(3)PO(4), and (b) 0.03 M calcium glycerophosphate (Ca-GP) and 0.15 M calcium acetate (CA),(More)
The substance loss from four commercially available Ni-Cr-Mo and four Co-Cr-Mo alloys was examined using a solution of 0.1 mol/L lactic acid and 0.1 mol/L sodium chloride. Dissolved ions were analyzed over a 5-week period using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The results revealed a considerable range of corrosion rates among the Ni-Cr-Mo alloys, with(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to examine the visco-elastic properties of dental composites by dynamic mechanical analysis under the influence of clinically relevant temperatures and variable frequencies, after being stored in air or distilled water for up to 3 months. METHODS Two direct (Diamond Lite and Grandio) and two indirect (Artglass and Vita Zeta LC)(More)