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BACKGROUND Mutations occur in several genes in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells: the nucleophosmin gene (NPM1), the fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 gene (FLT3), the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha gene (CEPBA), the myeloid-lymphoid or mixed-lineage leukemia gene (MLL), and the neuroblastoma RAS viral oncogene homolog (NRAS). We(More)
PURPOSE To study the incidence and prognostic impact of mutations in DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 489 patients with AML were examined for mutations in DNMT3A by direct sequencing. The prognostic impact of DNMT3A mutations was evaluated in the context of other clinical prognostic(More)
To evaluate internal tandem duplication (ITD) insertion sites and length as well as their clinical impact in younger adult patients with FLT3-ITD-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML), sequencing after DNA-based amplification was performed in diagnostic samples from 241 FLT3-ITD-mutated patients. All patients were treated on 3 German-Austrian AML Study(More)
PURPOSE Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with inv(3)(q21q26.2)/t(3;3)(q21;q26.2) [inv(3)/t(3;3)] is recognized as a distinctive entity in the WHO classification. Risk assignment and clinical and genetic characterization of AML with chromosome 3q abnormalities other than inv(3)/t(3;3) remain largely unresolved. PATIENTS AND METHODS Cytogenetics, molecular(More)
Mutations in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase gene 2 (IDH2) have recently been found in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as well as in patients with leukemic transformation of myeloproliferative neoplasms. We analyzed 272 adult patients with cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML) for the presence(More)
Gene mutations and epigenetic changes have been shown to play significant roles in the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndromes. Recently, mutations in DNMT3A were identified in 22.1% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia. In this study, we analyzed the frequency and clinical impact of DNMT3A mutations in a cohort of 193 patients with myelodysplastic(More)
Chromosomal rearrangements of the human MLL gene are associated with high-risk pediatric, adult and therapy-associated acute leukemias. These patients need to be identified, treated appropriately and minimal residual disease was monitored by quantitative PCR techniques. Genomic DNA was isolated from individual acute leukemia patients to identify and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate frequency and prognostic significance of high EVI1 expression in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). PATIENTS AND METHODS A diagnostic assay detecting multiple EVI1 splice variants was developed to determine the relative EVI1 expression by single real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in 1,382 newly(More)
We aimed to determine the prognostic impact of monosomal karyotype (MK) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the context of the current World Health Organization (WHO) classification and to evaluate the outcome of MK(+) patients after allogeneic HSCT. Of 1058 patients with abnormal cytogenetics, 319 (30%) were MK MK(+). MK(+) patients were significantly older(More)
PURPOSE To study the incidence and prognostic impact of mutations in Additional sex comb-like 1 (ASXL1) in a large cohort of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). PATIENTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS Overall, 193 patients with MDS and 65 healthy volunteers were examined for ASXL1 mutations by direct sequencing and for expression levels of ASXL1. The(More)