Jürgen-Erik Schmitz

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We have generated a panel of mAbs that identify three presumably novel human dendritic cell Ags: BDCA-2, BDCA-3, and BDCA-4. In blood, BDCA-2 and BDCA-4 are expressed on CD11c(-) CD123(bright) plasmacytoid dendritic cells, whereas BDCA-3 is expressed on small population of CD11c(+) CD123(-) dendritic cells. All three Ags are not detectable on a third blood(More)
In an immune response, effector functions are controlled by T helper (Th) 1 cytokines [interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin (IL)-2 and tumor necrosis factor-beta] and Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10). Here we analyze by multiparameter immunofluorescence to what extent IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 and IFN-gamma are co-expressed in individual normal(More)
Recent studies in mice have indicated that the long-lasting specific antibody responses seen after vaccination are probably due to the existence of long-lived plasma cells. Therefore, because the maintenance of humoral immunity does not necessarily reflect continuous restimulation of long-lived memory B cells, the question arises as to what degree antibody(More)
Upon primary activation, T helper (Th) cell populations express different cytokines transiently and with different kinetics. Stimulation of naive murine splenic Th cells with the bacterial superantigen Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B (SEB) in vitro results in expression of IL-2, IFN-gamma and IL-10 with fast, intermediate and slow kinetics,(More)
Following appropriate antigen-specific stimulation, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocytes rapidly express cytokines. Based on this stimulation-induced cytokine secretion and using cell surface affinity matrix technology we have developed a new method that permits specific, rapid and efficient detection, isolation and characterization of live antigen-specific(More)
Disseminated epithelial tumor cells have been detected in the bone marrow and blood of cancer patients by means of immunocytochemical or immunofluorescent staining of cytocentrifuge slides, multiparameter flow cytometry, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. However, it is hardly possible using such methods to detect tumor cells at a(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells are present in lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissue and contribute substantially to both innate and adaptive immunity. Recently, we have described several monoclonal antibodies that recognize a plasmacytoid dendritic cell-specific antigen, which we have termed BDCA-2. Molecular cloning of BDCA-2 revealed that BDCA-2 is a novel type(More)
Saccharomyces boulardii (Sb) is a probiotic yeast preparation that has demonstrated efficacy in inflammatory and infectious disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in controlled clinical trials. Although patients clearly benefit from treatment with Sb, little is known on how Sb unfolds its anti-inflammatory properties in humans. Dendritic cells (DC) balance(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) function is believed to be of critical importance for the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To date, most research in animal models and the few human data available is restricted to myeloid DC, while plasmacytoid DC (pDC) capable of controlling both innate and adaptive immune responses have not yet been investigated(More)
In atopic patients and patients with hyper-IgE syndrome (HIE) highly elevated IgE serum levels can be detected. Due to their very low frequency little is known about IgE-producing plasma cells (PC) in peripheral blood. We used CD138 MACS microbeads to enrich plasma cells from peripheral blood of normal donors, atopic patients and one HIE patient. CD138+(More)