Jürgen Carstensen

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A method is suggested to obtain solubility parameters for crystalline solid compounds involving a quadratic equation based on the original Scatchard-Hildebrand solubility expression. The geometric mean delta 1 delta 2, of the Hildebrand approach is replaced by w12 = K delta 1 delta 2, and log alpha 2/(V2 phi 2(2)/2.3RT) is regressed against delta 1 in a(More)
A retrospective analysis is carried out to investigate the importance of the vertical fluxes of nitrogen to the marine sea surface layer in which high chlorophyll a levels may cause blooms of harmful algae and subsequent turn over and oxygen depletion at the bottom of the sea. Typically nitrogen is the limiting factor for phytoplankton in the Kattegat(More)
The understanding of the mechanisms of macropore formation in p-type Si with respect to modulation of the pore diameter is still in its infancy. In the present work, macropores with significantly modulated diameters have been produced electrochemically in p-type Si. The effect of the current density and the amount of surfactant in the etching solution are(More)
Silicon microwire arrays embedded in Cu present exceptional performance as anode material in Li ion batteries. The processes occurring during the first charging cycles of batteries with this anode are essential for good performance. This paper sheds light on the electrochemical and structural properties of the anodes during the first charging cycles.(More)
Electrochemical etching of semiconductors, apart frommany technical applications, provides an interesting experimental setup for self-organized structure formation capable e.g. of regular, diameter-modulated, and branching pores. The underlying dynamical processes governing current transfer and structure formation are described by the CurrentBurst-Model:(More)
Electrochemical etching of semiconductors gives rise to a wide variety of self-organized structures including fractal structures, regular and branching pores. The Current-Burst Model and the Aging Concept are considered to describe the dynamical behavior governing the structure formation. Here the suppression of side-branching during pore growth is(More)
The growth mechanism of currentline-oriented pores in n-type InP has been studied by Fast-Fourier-Transform Impedance Spectroscopy (FFT IS) applied in situ during pore etching and by theoretical calculations. Several pore growth parameters could thus be extracted in situ that are otherwise not obtainable. These include the space-charge-region (SCR) width,(More)
Cycling tests under various conditions have been performed for lithium ion battery anodes made from free-standing silicon microwires embedded at one end in a copper current collector. Optimum charging/discharging conditions have been found for which the anode shows negligible fading (< 0.001%) over 80 cycles; an outstanding result for this kind of anodes.(More)
UNLABELLED Si microwire array anodes have been prepared by an economical, microelectronics compatible method based on macropore etching. In the present report, evidence of the scalability of the process and the areal capacity of the anodes is presented. The anodes exhibit record areal capacities for Si-based anodes. The gravimetric capacity of longer anodes(More)
: A process chain for a magnetoelectric device based on porous InP will be presented using only chemical, electrochemical, photoelectrochemical, photochemical treatments and the galvanic deposition of metals in high-aspect-ratio structures. All relevant process steps starting with the formation of a self-ordered array of current-line oriented pores followed(More)