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BACKGROUND Renal impairment is one of the predictors of mortality in cardiac surgery. Usually a binarized value of serum creatinine is used to assess the renal function in risk models. Creatinine clearance can be easily estimated by the Cockcroft and Gault equation from serum creatinine, gender, age and body weight. In this work we examine whether this(More)
Deep sternal infections, also known as poststernotomy mediastinitis, are a rare but often fatal complication in cardiac surgery. They are a cause of increased morbidity and mortality and have a significant socioeconomic aspect concerning the health system. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) followed by muscular pectoralis plasty is a quite new technique(More)
BACKGROUND The proportion of older patients in cardiac surgery is continuously increasing. 37% of patients undergoing heart surgery in Germany in the year 2000 were 70 years of age and older. We have studied the role of age as a determinant of mortality in cardiac surgery in our institutional patient population. METHODS We have calculated the EuroSCORE(More)
For many new medical research questions in heart surgery comprehensive and large data bases are essential. We discuss typical challenges for the integration of real-time and legacy data stored in multiple unconnected hospital information systems (HIS). Furthermore the HIS are often operated by autonomous departments whose data base structures are subject to(More)
OBJECTIVES In the past few years there has been increasing evidence that the respiratory function of patients with diabetes is impaired in the course of their disease. The objective of this article was to investigate whether patients with diabetes are particularly at risk of pulmonary complications during the perioperative stage of coronary bypass surgery.(More)
The design of stentless valve prostheses is intended to achieve a more physiological flow pattern and superior hemodynamics in comparison to stented valves. First - generation stentless bioprosthesis were the Prima valve, the Freestyle valve and the Toronto stentless porcine valve. The second generation of stentless valves, as the Super stentless aortic(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the advantages of bilateral mammary coronary revascularization, many surgeons are still restricting this technique to the young patients. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the safety and potential advantages of bilateral mammary coronary revascularization in patients older than 65 years. METHODS Group I included 415 patients(More)
BACKGROUND The implantation of stentless valves is technically demanding and the outcome may depend on the performance of surgeons. We studied systematically the role of surgeons and other possible determinants for mid-term survival, postoperative gradients and Quality of Life (QoL) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with Freestyle stentless(More)
In coronary artery surgery the superiority of the internal mammary artery graft in 10-year survival was documented in 1986. In 1999 it was demonstrated that death, reoperation and percutaneous transluminary coronary angioplasty were more frequent in patients undergoing single rather than bilateral internal mammary artery grafting. Today coronary artery(More)