Jürgen C Becker

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BACKGROUND Activating mutations in serine-threonine protein kinase B-RAF (BRAF) are found in 50% of patients with advanced melanoma. Selective BRAF-inhibitor therapy improves survival, as compared with chemotherapy, but responses are often short-lived. In previous trials, MEK inhibition appeared to be promising in this population. METHODS In this phase 3(More)
Induction of p53 activity in cells undergoing DNA synthesis represents a molecular conflict that can lead to apoptosis. During angiogenesis, proliferative endothelial cells become apoptotic in response to antagonists of integrin alphavbeta3 and this leads to the regression of angiogenic blood vessels, thereby blocking the growth of various human tumors.(More)
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a relatively uncommon but highly lethal form of skin cancer. A majority of MCC tumors carry DNA sequences derived from a newly identified virus called Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV or MCPyV), a candidate etiologic agent underlying the development of MCC. To further investigate the role of MCV infection in the development of(More)
Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV) is a newly-discovered human tumor virus found in approximately 80% of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). The rate of MCV infection among persons without MCC is unknown. We developed a MCV virus-like particle (VLP) enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) that does not cross-react with human BK or murine polyomaviruses. Peptide mapping of the(More)
Common acquired melanocytic nevi are benign neoplasms that are composed of small, uniform melanocytes and are typically present as flat or slightly elevated pigmented lesions on the skin. We describe two families with a new autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by multiple, skin-colored, elevated melanocytic tumors. In contrast to common acquired nevi,(More)
Cutaneous melanomas are notorious for their tendency to metastasize. Essential steps in this process are the degradation of basement membranes and remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) by proteolytic enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are regulated by their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). An MMP expression is not restricted to tumor(More)
ICAM-1-mediated cell-cell adhesion is essential for various immunologic functions, including non-MHC-restricted cytotoxicity. The present study was designed to establish whether shedding of ICAM-1 from melanoma cells occurred and to characterize the effects of soluble ICAM-1 on some cell adhesion-dependent functions. The shed soluble ICAM-1 molecule was(More)
PURPOSE The primary objective of this study was to confirm the efficacy of romidepsin in patients with treatment refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). PATIENTS AND METHODS This international, pivotal, single-arm, open-label, phase II study was conducted in patients with stage IB to IVA CTCL who had received one or more prior systemic therapies.(More)
Recent advances in therapeutic tumor vaccinations necessitate the identification of broadly expressed, immunogenic tumor antigens that are not prone to immune selection. To this end, the human inhibitor of apoptosis, survivin, is a prime candidate because it is expressed in most human neoplasms but not in normal, differentiated tissues. Here, we demonstrate(More)