Jürgen Baudewig

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Recent studies indicate that the cortical effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) may not be localized to the site of stimulation, but spread to other distant areas. Using echo-planar imaging with blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) contrast at 3 Tesla, we measured MRI signal changes in cortical and subcortical motor regions during(More)
To elucidate changes in human brain activity evoked by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), sub- and suprathreshold rTMS (4 Hz, 10 s) over the left primary sensorimotor cortex (M1/S1) was interleaved with blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) echo-planar imaging of primary and secondary motor areas. Suprathreshold rTMS over left M1/S1(More)
Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) MRI was used to monitor modulations of human sensorimotor activity by prior transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Activation maps for a right hand sequential finger opposition task were obtained for six subjects before as well as 0-5 min and 15-20 min after a 5-min period of 1 mA cathodal and, in a separate(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) hypothesis testing based on the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast mechanism typically involves a search for a positive effect during a specific task relative to a control state. However, aside from positive BOLD signal changes there is converging evidence that neuronal responses within various(More)
Storage and periodic expulsion of urine by the bladder are controlled by central pathways and organized as simple on-off switching circuits. Several reports concerning aspects of micturition control have identified distinct regions in the brainstem, like the pontine micturition center (PMC) and the periaqueductal gray (PAG), as well as the cerebellum, basal(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to probe the acute effect of a single oral dose of various dopaminergic (levodopa, selegiline, bromocriptine) and antidopaminergic drugs (sulpiride, haloperidol) on motor cortex excitability in healthy volunteers. Motor threshold, intracortical inhibition and intracortical facilitation were tested in the abductor(More)
The effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on human brain activity and associated hemodynamics were investigated by blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) MRI using echo-planar imaging at 2.0 T. Apart from bilateral activation of the auditory cortex by the audible rTMS discharges (23 bursts, 1 s duration, 10 Hz, 10-20 s(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in humans have hitherto failed to demonstrate activity changes in the direct vicinity of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) that cannot be attributed to re-afferent somatosensory feedback or a spread of excitation. In order to investigate the underlying activity changes at the site of stimulation as(More)
The definition of objective and effective thresholds in MRI of human brain function is a crucial step in the analysis of paradigm-related activations. This paper introduces a user-independent and robust procedure that calculates statistical parametric maps based on correlation coefficients. Thresholds are introduced as p values and defined with respect to(More)
Damage to parietal cortex impairs visuospatial judgments. However, it is currently unknown how this damage may affect or indeed be caused by functional changes in remote but interconnected brain regions. Here, we applied transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to the parietal cortices during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while participants(More)