Jürg Girard

Learn More
PURPOSE Subclinical hypothyroidism is found in about 7.5% of females and in about 3% of males. It appears to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis and for coronary heart disease and can affect various other target organs. The morbidity and clinical significance of subclinical hypothyroidism are controversial. Therefore, we evaluated the metabolic impact of(More)
The trace element vanadium is a potent insulinomimetic agent in vitro. Oral administration of vanadate to rats made diabetic by streptozotocin (45 mg/kg i.v.) caused a 65% fall in plasma glucose levels without modifying low insulinemia. We studied whether the hypoglycemic effect of vanadate was associated with altered expression of genes involved in key(More)
CONTEXT The specific form of hypogonadism in Prader-Labhart-Willi syndrome (PWS), central or peripheral, remains unexplained. OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to investigate the cause of hypogonadism in PWS and determine whether human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) treatment can restore pubertal development. DESIGN This was a clinical(More)
Receptors for alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) on human malignant melanoma cell lines were investigated with a specific binding assay and characterized with structural analogues of alpha-MSH and adrenocorticotropic hormone and by photoaffinity cross-linking of the hormone-receptor complex. Specific binding of high-performance liquid(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to compare the adrenal response, the course of the ACTH/cortisol ratio, as well as the variance and the diagnostic performance of different cutoffs after 1 and 250 microg ACTH stimulation in different stress situations. METHODS We investigated three groups with increasing stress levels: ambulatory controls (group A; n =(More)
Liver insulin resistance and glucagon-stimulated hepatic glucose production are characteristics of the diabetic state. To determine the potential role of glucose toxicity in these abnormalities, we examined whether phlorizin treatment of streptozotocin-diabetic rats resulted in altered expression of genes involved in key steps of hepatic glucose metabolism.(More)
Heavy C3 glomerular deposits were observed in rabbits injected intravenously with C5 streptococcal vaccine. Immunoglobulin deposits appeared later in a few rabbits. Although some data favour the presence of circulating immune complexes during the course of this glomerulonephritis, no evidence for their initiating role could be demonstrated. Streptococcal(More)
Circulating hormone and substrate levels were measured in 7 patients at regular intervals before, during and after pulmonary surgery. During surgery, cortisol and growth hormone were significantly elevated, pancreatic glucagon was unchanged and insulin was depressed. One and two days after surgery, growth hormone had almost returned to preoperative fasting(More)
Although an increased plasma non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentration has been shown to increase insulin resistance (Randle cycle), decrease insulin secretion and increase hepatic gluconeogenesis, the effect of NEFA on the deterioration of glucose tolerance has not been studied prospectively in Caucasian subjects. Therefore, we investigated whether(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate a new prototype mesh that consists of a knitted polyester structure treated with a fluoropolymer and impregnated with gelatin. The Fluoropassiv mesh, as well as two controls, the Surgipro polypropylene mesh and the Gore-Tex expanded polytetrafluoroethylene patch, were used for the repair of experimentally induced(More)