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Brain inflammation has a critical role in the pathophysiology of brain diseases of high prevalence and economic impact, such as major depression, schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, and traumatic brain injury. Our results demonstrate that systemic administration of the centrally acting angiotensin II AT(1)(More)
Poor adaptation to stress, alterations in cerebrovascular function and excessive brain inflammation play critical roles in the pathophysiology of many psychiatric and neurological disorders such as major depression, schizophrenia, post traumatic stress disorder, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases and traumatic brain injury. Treatment for these highly(More)
To clarify the mechanism of the effects of angiotensin II AT(1) receptor antagonists on adipose tissue, we treated 8 week-old male Wistar Kyoto rats with the angiotensin II AT(1) receptor antagonist Candesartan cilexetil (10 mg/kg/day) for 18 weeks. Candesartan cilexetil reduced body weight gain, decreased fat tissue mass due to hypotrophy of epididymal and(More)
In addition to regulating blood pressure, angiotensin II (Ang II) exerts powerful pro-inflammatory effects in hypertension through stimulation of its AT(1) receptors, most clearly demonstrated in peripheral arteries and in the cerebral vasculature. Administration of Ang II receptor blockers (ARBs) decreases hypertension-related vascular inflammation in(More)
Sartans (Angiotensin II AT(1) Receptor Blockers, ARBs) are powerful neuroprotective agents in vivo and protect against IL-1β neurotoxicity in vitro. The purpose of this research was to determine the extent of sartan neuroprotection against glutamate excitotoxicity, a common cause of neuronal injury and apoptosis. The results show that sartans are(More)
Systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration induces an innate immune response and stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We studied Angiotensin II AT(1) receptor participation in the LPS effects with focus on the pituitary gland. LPS (50 microg/kg, i.p.) enhanced, 3h after administration, gene expression of pituitary CD14 and that of(More)
ANG II AT(1) receptor blockade reduces inflammation in hypertension. To determine whether ANG II AT(1) receptor blockers (ARBs) influence the innate immune inflammatory response in normotensive rats, we studied rat plasma and spleen after a 3-day subcutaneous pretreatment with the ARB candesartan followed by a single dose of the bacterial endotoxin LPS (50(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) blockers (ARBs) reduce the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced innate immune response in human circulating monocytes expressing few AT1. To clarify the mechanisms of anti-inflammatory effects of ARBs with different peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ)-activating potencies, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Inhibition of angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) reduces chronic inflammation associated with hypertension. We asked whether AT1 receptor inhibition would reduce the innate inflammatory response induced by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS We used unstimulated human circulating monocytes obtained from healthy donors by counterflow(More)
BACKGROUND The objective was to compare signal transduction pathways exploited by glucose and cell swelling in stimulating insulin secretion. METHODS Isolated rat (Wistar) pancreatic islets were stimulated in vitro by 20 mmol/l glucose or 30% hypotonic medium (202 mOsm/kg) in various experimental conditions. RESULTS Glucose did not stimulate insulin(More)