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BACKGROUND Autologous non-myeloablative haemopoietic stem cell transplantation is a method to deliver intense immune suppression. We evaluated the safety and clinical outcome of autologous non-myeloablative haemopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) who had not responded to treatment with interferon(More)
CONTEXT In 2007, the effects of the autologous nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in 15 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) were reported. Most patients became insulin free with normal levels of glycated hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) during a mean 18.8-month follow-up. To investigate if this effect was due to preservation(More)
The use of stem cells in regenerative medicine holds great promise for the cure of many diseases, including type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Any potential stem-cell-based cure for T1DM should address the need for beta-cell replacement, as well as control of the autoimmune response to cells which express insulin. The ex vivo generation of beta cells suitable(More)
The natural history and pathogenic processes of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) are complex, variable, and dependent upon a multitude of viral and host factors and their interactions. The CCR5-Delta32 allele remains the most important genetic factor known to be associated with host resistance to the HIV-1 infection. However,(More)
Gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) plays an important role in experimental Trypanosoma cruzi infections, presumably by controlling the early replication of parasites in host macrophages. In this work, we show that NK cells represent an important cell type responsible for the production of most of the IFN-gamma in the early stage of T. cruzi infection and that the(More)
Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that have the ability to express and secrete a wide range of immunomodulatory molecules, cytokines, growth factors and antiapoptotic proteins. MSCs modulate both innate and adaptive immune responses making them potential candidates for the treatment of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D).(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are CD3- CD56+ and/or CD16+ cytotoxic lymphocytes that mediate first-line defense against various types of target cells without prior immunization. To assess the effect of the menstrual cycle and gender on NK activity we evaluated 30 healthy women (mean age 28.1 years, range 21-39) in follicular and luteal phases, 29 postmenopausal(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive infection by Fusarium sp. is associated with high mortality in patients with hematologic cancer. Yet to the authors' knowledge, little is known regarding predictors of adverse outcome. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective review of the records of patients with hematologic carcinoma and invasive fusariosis who were treated at(More)
To characterize the epidemiology and prognostic factors of invasive fusariosis in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients, the records of HSCT recipients from 9 hospitals (7 in Brazil and 2 in the United States) were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty-one cases were identified: 54 in allogeneic HSCT recipients and 7 in autologous HSCT recipients.(More)