Júlio Botas

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Quantification of intramyocardial hemorrhage was performed in 69 pigs submitted to various protocols of coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion. The study groups include 1) permanent occlusion; 2) reperfusion after periods of coronary occlusion of 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 minutes; 3) reperfusion with diltiazem and with 4) methoxamine after a 60-minute(More)
BACKGROUND Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) studies have demonstrated that stents are frequently suboptimally expanded despite the use of high pressures for deployment. The purpose of this study was to identify the mechanisms responsible for such residual lumen stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty-seven lesions from 50 patients treated with high-pressure(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial reperfusion is associated with calcium overload and cell contracture, mechanisms that may precipitate cell death. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that in vivo inhibition of this contracture could lead to cell preservation in an open-chest large animal model. METHODS AND RESULTS Regional myocardium function was measured during(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to quantify the severity of transplant coronary artery disease and to assess lesion characteristics early and up to 15 years after heart transplantation by using intracoronary ultrasound. BACKGROUND Intravascular ultrasound has the ability to measure the components of the arterial wall and has been shown to be a(More)
BACKGROUND Transplant vasculopathy (TxCAD) limits longterm survival of allograft recipients. The possibility that preexistent donor coronary disease (PEDD) might accelerate this process is of concern. The serial progression of sites with and without PEDD as assessed by intravascular ultrasonic imaging is explored in this study. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty(More)
OBJECTIVES Our purpose was to study whether the in-hospital prognosis of anterior acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is influenced by preexistent collateral circulation to the infarct-related artery. BACKGROUND Collateral circulation exerts beneficial influences on the clinical course after AMI, but demonstration of improved survival is lacking. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compares the efficacy of primary angioplasty and systemic thrombolysis with t-PA in reducing the in-hospital mortality of patients with anterior AMI. BACKGROUND Controversy still exists about the relative benefit of primary angioplasty over thrombolysis as treatment for AMI. METHODS Two-hundred and twenty patients with anterior AMI(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite a decreasing mortality and morbidity in treated HIV-1 patients, highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) can still fail due to the development of drug resistance. Especially, multidrug-resistant viruses pose a threat to efficient therapy. We studied the changing prevalence of multidrug resistance (MDR) over time in a cohort of(More)
INTRODUCTION In patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with primary angioplasty, multivessel disease is associated with a higher mortality. However, if higher mortality is simply due to a higher prevalence of cardiogenic shock or if multivessel disease is an independent risk factor remains unclear. OBJECTIVES To study if multivessel disease(More)
Compared with primary angioplasty [percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)], rescue PTCA is associated with lower angiographic success and higher reocclusion rates, especially after thrombolysis with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA). Although stent placement during primary PTCA has been demonstrated to be safe and even to improve the(More)