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A good edge-labelling of a graph G is a labelling of its edges such that for any two distinct vertices u, v, there is at most one (u, v)-path with non-decreasing labels. This notion was introduced in [3] to solve wavelength assignment problems for specific categories of graphs. In this paper, we aim at characterizing the class of graphs that admit a good(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a group of patients who were treated with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) antagonists and who developed coccidioidomycosis, and to test the hypothesis that patients with inflammatory arthritis receiving TNF alpha antagonist therapy are at higher risk for developing symptomatic coccidioidomycosis. METHODS Cases of(More)
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE Recent evidence suggests that abnormalities involving Th17 lymphocytes are associated with the pathophysiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In addition, multifunctional T cells (MFT), i.e., those producing multiple cytokines simultaneously, are present in the inflammatory milieu and may be implicated in the autoimmune(More)
Given a graph G = (V, E), the closed interval of a pair of vertices u, v ∈ V , denoted by I[u, v], is the set of vertices that belongs to some shortest (u, v)-path. The convex hull I h [S] of a subset S ⊆ V is the smallest convex set that contains S. We say that S is a hull set if I h [S] = V. The cardinality of a minimum hull set of G is the hull number of(More)
In this paper, we study a colouring problem motivated by a practical frequency assignment problem and up to our best knowledge new. In wireless networks, a node interferes with the other nodes the level of interference depending on numerous parameters: distance between the nodes, geographical topography, obstacles, etc. We model this with a weighted graph G(More)
In this paper, we study the (geodesic) hull number of graphs. For any two vertices u, v ∈ V of a connected undirected graph G = (V, E), the closed interval I[u, v] of u and v is the set of vertices that belong to some shortest (u, v)-path. For any S ⊆ V , let I[S] = u,v∈S I[u, v]. A subset S ⊆ V is (geodesically) convex if I[S] = S. Given a subset S ⊆ V ,(More)
—Given an undirected graph G = (V, E) and a weight function w : V → R + , a vertex coloring of G is a partition of V into independent sets, or color classes. The weight of a vertex coloring of G is defined as the sum of the weights of its color classes, where the weight of a color class is the weight of a heaviest vertex belonging to it. In the W(More)
The Grundy number of a graph G is the largest number of colors used by any execution of the greedy algorithm to color G. The problem of determining the Grundy number of G is polynomial if G is a P 4-free graph and N P-hard if G is a P 5-free graph. In this article, we define a new class of graphs, the fat-extended P 4-laden graphs, and we show a polynomial(More)
The immune system consists of an intricate network of organs, cells, and molecules responsible for maintaining the body's homeostasis and responding to aggression in general. Innate immunity operates in conjunction with adaptive immunity and is characterized by rapid response to aggression, regardless of previous stimulus, being the organism first line of(More)