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Opioid analgesics with restricted access to the central nervous system represent a new approach to the treatment of severe pain with an improved safety profile. The objective of this study was to investigate the peripheral and central components of the antinociceptive actions of the 6-amino acid conjugates (glycine, alanine, and phenylalanine) of(More)
We have synthesized a novel series of N-substituted sarcosines, analogues of NFPS (N-[3-(biphenyl-4- yloxy)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)propyl]-N-methylglycine), as type-1 glycine transporter (GlyT-1) inhibitors. Several compounds incorporated a diazine ring inhibited recombinant hGlyT-1b expressed permanently in CHO cells and GlyT-1 in rat brain synaptosomal(More)
Glycine is a mandatory positive allosteric modulator of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type ionotropic glutamate receptors in the central nervous system. Elevation of glycine concentrations by inhibition of its reuptake in the vicinity of NMDA receptors may positively influence receptor functions as glycine B binding site on NR1 receptor subunit is not(More)
Repeated administration of amphetamine derivatives is reported to induce neurotoxicity in rat brain. Methamphetamine (MA) impairs the function of both the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy) affects primarily the latter system. The neurochemical deficits induced by these amphetamines have been described(More)
The peculiar tyramine uptake inhibitory effect of (-)deprenyl prompted structure-activity relationship studies aiming to develop new spectrum central nervous system stimulants which are devoid of MAO inhibitory potency and operate de facto as indirectly acting, nonreleasing sympathomimetics. Of the derivatives synthesized for this purpose,(More)
Effects of deprenyl and amphetamine enantiomers on different behavioural patterns were compared. Whereas (+)-amphetamine in doses of 1-3 mg/kg SC, (-)-amphetamine, and (+)-deprenyl in doses of 5-20 mg/kg SC increased the locomotor activity and the time the animals displayed stereotyped head movement, enhanced the acquisition of conditioned avoidance(More)
The abuse of drugs such as opioids and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy') can have detrimental effects on the cognitive functions, but the exact molecular mechanism whereby these drugs promote neurodegeneration remains to be elucidated. The major purpose of the present pilot study was to determine whether the chronic in-vivo(More)
Since the discovery of opioid receptor dimers their possible roles in opioid actions were intensively investigated. Here we suggest a mechanism that may involve the μ-δ opioid heterodimers. The exact role of δ opioid receptors in antinociception and in the development of opioid tolerance is still unclear. While receptor up-regulation can be observed during(More)
The problem of drug abuse among pregnant women causes a major concern. The aim of the present study was to examine the adaptive consequences of long term maternal morphine exposure in offspring at different postnatal ages, and to see the possibility of compensation, as well. Pregnant rats were treated daily with morphine from the day of mating (on the first(More)
The dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV (DP IV) inhibitor Diprotin A produces a full, dose-dependent, short-lasting and naloxone-reversible analgesia in the rat tail-flick test when given intracerebroventricularly, with an ED50 of 295 nmol/rat but it has no direct opioid agonist activity in the longitudinal muscle strip of guinea-pig ileum bioassay. Two of the(More)