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Opioid analgesics with restricted access to the central nervous system represent a new approach to the treatment of severe pain with an improved safety profile. The objective of this study was to investigate the peripheral and central components of the antinociceptive actions of the 6-amino acid conjugates (glycine, alanine, and phenylalanine) of(More)
Since the discovery of opioid receptor dimers their possible roles in opioid actions were intensively investigated. Here we suggest a mechanism that may involve the μ-δ opioid heterodimers. The exact role of δ opioid receptors in antinociception and in the development of opioid tolerance is still unclear. While receptor up-regulation can be observed during(More)
The peculiar tyramine uptake inhibitory effect of (-)deprenyl prompted structure-activity relationship studies aiming to develop new spectrum central nervous system stimulants which are devoid of MAO inhibitory potency and operate de facto as indirectly acting, nonreleasing sympathomimetics. Of the derivatives synthesized for this purpose,(More)
We have synthesized a novel series of N-substituted sarcosines, analogues of NFPS (N-[3-(biphenyl-4- yloxy)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)propyl]-N-methylglycine), as type-1 glycine transporter (GlyT-1) inhibitors. Several compounds incorporated a diazine ring inhibited recombinant hGlyT-1b expressed permanently in CHO cells and GlyT-1 in rat brain synaptosomal(More)
Repeated administration of amphetamine derivatives is reported to induce neurotoxicity in rat brain. Methamphetamine (MA) impairs the function of both the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy) affects primarily the latter system. The neurochemical deficits induced by these amphetamines have been described(More)
The dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV (DP IV) inhibitor Diprotin A produces a full, dose-dependent, short-lasting and naloxone-reversible analgesia in the rat tail-flick test when given intracerebroventricularly, with an ED50 of 295 nmol/rat but it has no direct opioid agonist activity in the longitudinal muscle strip of guinea-pig ileum bioassay. Two of the(More)
This study describes the antinociceptive effects of μ-opioid agonists, d-Ala(2),N-Me-Phe(4),Gly(5)-ol-enkephalin (DAMGO) and morphine in a model of rat visceral pain in which nociceptive responses were triggered by 2% acetic acid intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections. DAMGO and morphine were administered i.p., to the same site where acetic acid was delivered or(More)
Lung transplantation through controlled donation after circulatory death (cDCD) has slowly gained universal acceptance with reports of equivalent outcomes to those through donation after brain death. In contrast, uncontrolled DCD (uDCD) lung use is controversial and requires ethical, legal and medical complexities to be addressed in a limited time.(More)
Effects of deprenyl and amphetamine enantiomers on different behavioural patterns were compared. Whereas (+)-amphetamine in doses of 1-3 mg/kg SC, (-)-amphetamine, and (+)-deprenyl in doses of 5-20 mg/kg SC increased the locomotor activity and the time the animals displayed stereotyped head movement, enhanced the acquisition of conditioned avoidance(More)
Opioids are among the world's oldest known drugs used mostly for pain relief, but recreational use is also widespread. A particularly important problem is opioid exposure in females, as their offspring can also be affected. Adverse intrauterine and postnatal environments can affect offspring development and may lead to various disabilities later in life. It(More)