Júlia Prado-Franceschi

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Crotoxin, the main toxin of South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus terrificus) venom, was the first snake venom protein to be purified and crystallized. Crotoxin is a heterodimeric beta-neurotoxin that consists of a weakly toxic basic phospholipase A(2) and a non-enzymatic, non-toxic acidic component (crotapotin). The classic biological activities(More)
Bothrops erythromelas (BEV) and B. alternatus (BAV) venoms induced a dose-dependent neutrophil migration when injected into rat peritoneal cavities (20-160 micrograms/cavity). These venoms (80 micrograms/rat) also induced neutrophil migration in the air pouch model of inflammation. This migratory response seemed to be related to the phospholipase A2 (PLA2)(More)
The effect of Philodryas olfersii Duvernoy's secretion was studied in vivo in mice and chicks as well as in the mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm and the chick biventer cervicis preparations. The whole secretion (20-40 micrograms/ml) increased the creatine kinase (CK) levels in mice but had no effect on the mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation. In the(More)
1. The effects of guanidine on the isolated mouse phrenic nerve diaphragm (MPND) and chick biventer cervicis (CBC) neuromuscular preparations were determined by myographic and electrophysiological methods. 2. Guanidine at concentrations of 5-10 mM induced an initial facilitation followed by neuromuscular blockade in both preparations. In the isolated MPND(More)
Bothropstoxin-I from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom is a lysine-49 phospholipase A(2) with myotoxic and neurotoxic activities. In this study, we used mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations in the absence and presence of manganese (Mn(2+)), a presynaptic blocker, to investigate a possible presynaptic action of bothropstoxin-I. At concentrations of 0.9(More)
The effects of Bothrops insularis venom were examined in vivo in mice and chicks and in vitro using the mouse phrenic nerve diaphragm and chick biventer cervicis muscle preparations. Incubation of the indirectly or directly stimulated mouse preparation with B. insularis venom (20-80 micrograms/ml) produced an initial increase in twitch tension followed by(More)
Bothropstoxin, a 13,700 mol. wt myotoxic phospholipase homologue isolated from the venom of Bothrops jararacussu and devoid of PLA2, proteolytic or hemolytic activities, inhibited muscle twitch tension, evoked either directly or indirectly through stimulation of the motor nerve in the mouse phrenic-diaphragm preparations. The compound action potential of(More)
A phospholipase A2-containing fraction was isolated from the venom of Bothrops insularis by a combination of gel filtration on Sephadex G-150 and ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex. Peak IV of the latter chromatography containing all of the phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity, was assayed on isolated neuromuscular preparations. In the mouse phrenic(More)