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Sulprofos, disulfoton, azinphos-methyl, methamidophos, trichlorfon, and tebupirimphos were screened for neurotoxic potential, in accordance with U.S. EPA (FIFRA) requirements. Each organophosphate was administered through the diet for 13 weeks to separate groups of Fischer 344 rats at four dose levels, including a vehicle control. For each study, 12(More)
KBR 3023, 1-(1-methyl-propoxycarbonyl)-2-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperidine, a prospective insect repellent being developed by Bayer Corporation, was evaluated for developmental toxicity in the Sprague-Dawley rat and Himalayan rabbit. As the intended human usage of the test compound is topical, the test systems were exposed to the compound via the dermal route.(More)
A comparison between human and porcine insulins with regard to their adsorption to administration sets was performed. A125I-mono(A14)-iodinated insulin was used to follow the adsorption phenomenon over time and the adsorption was quantified with radioimmunoassays of unlabelled insulin. The obtained data were similar for both methods. No relevant difference(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the embryotoxic, fetotoxic, and teratogenic potential of METASYSTOX-R (MSR) in the rat. Furthermore, the study was designed to determine if maternally toxic doses of MSR altered fetal brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE), compromised neonatal survival, growth, and development, or affected neurobehavioral development.(More)
This study concerns the effect of spontaneous acquisition of alcohol drinking in rhesus monkeys on plasma levels of beta-endorphin, ACTH, prolactin, cortisol and testosterone. Twelve monkeys had free-choice access to water and two ethanol/water solutions (1%, 2%, v/v) for 4 weeks. During the first 2 weeks, six monkeys were injected (i.m.) twice daily with(More)
N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-N-(1-methylethyl)-2-[[5-(trifluoromethyl)-1,3, 4-thiadiazol-2-yl]oxy]acetamide (FOE 5043) is a new acetanilide-type herbicide undergoing regulatory testing. Previous work in this laboratory suggested that FOE 5043-induced reductions in serum thyroxine (T4) levels were mediated via an extrathyroidal site of action. The possibility that the(More)
The acute toxicity of 4-ethyl-1-phospha-2,6,7-trioxabicyclo (2.2.2) octane-1-oxide and 4-ethyl-1-phospha-2,6,7-trioxabicyclo (2.2.2) octane has been determined by different routes of application in various species of animals. The compounds stimulate the activity of the central nervous system and are highly toxic. They showed no toxic cumulative effects. The(More)
Propoxur produces bladder tumors in rats, but not other species. The hyperplastic and tumorigenic effects do not occur if urinary pH is lowered by administering propoxur in a semi-synthetic diet or co-administering it with ammonium chloride (NH4Cl). We fed propoxur at 8000 p.p.m. in Altromin 1321 diet to male Wistar rats for 4 weeks, with or without NH4Cl(More)
A kinetic analysis of the substitution of 6,6'-dithiodinicotinic acid (DTNA) for 5,5'-dithiobis-2-nitrobenzoic acid (DTNB) for the determination of rat and human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) and plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE; EC 3.1.1.8) is presented. Increasing concentrations of DTNB, but not DTNA, significantly increased Km(More)
KBR 3023, 1-(1-methyl-propoxycarbonyl)-2-(2-hydroxyethyl)-piperidine, a prospective insect repellent being developed by the Bayer Corporation, was evaluated for reproductive toxicity in the Sprague-Dawley rat. As the intended human use of the test compound is topical, the test system was also exposed to the compound via the dermal route. Specifically, the(More)