Jørn Brynskov

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Crohn's disease is a heterogeneous entity. Previous attempts of classification have been based primarily on anatomic location and behavior of disease. However, no uniform definition of patient subgroups has yet achieved broad acceptance. The aim of this international Working Party was to develop a simple classification of Crohn's disease based on objective(More)
INTRODUCTION Reasons for infliximab failure in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are debated. Serum levels of infliximab and anti-infliximab antibodies have been associated with loss of response. We aimed at determining cut-off levels for infliximab and anti-infliximab antibody concentrations associated with clinical response to infliximab maintenance(More)
Concentrations of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-2 (IL-2), and soluble IL-2 receptors (sIL-2R) were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) in supernatants of sonicated endoscopical mucosal biopsy specimens from 31 patients with inflammatory bowel disease and 19 controls. IL-1 beta was detected in 53% of the patient(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the reasons for secondary loss of response to infliximab (IFX) maintenance therapy in Crohn's disease vary, dose intensification is usually recommended. This study investigated the cost-effectiveness of interventions defined by an algorithm designed to identify specific reasons for therapeutic failure. DESIGN Randomised, controlled,(More)
BACKGROUND Fistulae are a troublesome complication of Crohn's disease but little is known of the final effector molecules responsible for matrix degradation. Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been strongly implicated in tissue injury in Crohn's disease, their role in fistula formation is unknown. AIM To determine the expression pattern of(More)
OBJECTIVE Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ligands, widely used in type 2 diabetes treatment, have variably been shown to promote or prevent colon tumor formation in animal models and cell lines, but their role in normal human colon is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine PPAR expression and function in normal human colonic(More)
We randomly assigned 71 patients with active chronic Crohn's disease who were resistant to or intolerant of corticosteroids to treatment with oral cyclosporine (5 to 7.5 mg per kilogram of body weight per day) or placebo for three months. Disease activity was assessed on a clinical grading scale without knowledge of the treatment given. At the end of the(More)
Recognition of repeat CpG motifs, which are common in bacterial, but not in mammalian, DNA, through Toll-like receptor (TLR)9 is an integral part of the innate immune system. As the role of TLR9 in the human gut is unknown, we determined the spectrum of TLR9 expression in normal and inflamed colon and examined how epithelial cells respond to specific TLR9(More)
BACKGROUND Colonic epithelial cells are exposed to a range of potentially harmful luminal factors. including phenols, but it is unresolved whether these compounds impair the integrity of the epithelium. The aim of this study was to describe the effect of phenol exposure on human colonic epithelial cells in vitro and the conjugation pathways involved in(More)
OBJECTIVE Growing evidence indicates that innate immunity, including toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling, plays a role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This may also apply in the case of TLR-8, which has recently been shown to reverse the immunosuppressive function of regulatory T cells. However, the role of TLR-8 in IBD is currently unknown, and(More)