Jørgen Winkel

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Surface electromyographic (EMG) amplitude from the upper trapezius muscle is widely used as a measure of shoulder-neck load in ergonomic studies. A variety of methods for normalizing EMG amplitude from the upper trapezius (EMGamp(ut)) have been presented in the literature. This impedes meta-analyses of, for instance, upper trapezius load in relation to(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenic patients have high rates of cigarette smoking. The authors compared the outcomes of two group psychotherapy programs for smoking cessation in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who were also treated with the nicotine transdermal patch and with either atypical or typical antipsychotic medications. METHOD(More)
Variation has in recent years become an important concept in the analysis of loads on the locomotor system in occupational life. Studies of controlled variation in isometric exercise have concentrated on the effects of introducing pauses at regular intervals into an otherwise constant load. A complete description of the cyclic character of such regimens(More)
This literature review aims to identify occupational musculoskeletal and mental health effects of production system rationalization as well as organizational-level measures that may improve health outcome ("modifiers" in this review). A short review of the effect of ergonomic interventions is included as background and rationalization is discussed as a(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compares questionnaire-assessed exposure data on work postures and movements with direct technical measurements. METHODS Inclinometers and goniometers were used to make full workday measurements of 41 office workers and 41 cleaners, stratified for such factors as musculoskeletal complaints. The subjects answered a questionnaire on(More)
OBJECTIVES This systematic review aimed to identify published observational methods assessing biomechanical exposures in occupational settings and evaluate them with reference to the needs of different users. METHODS We searched scientific databases and the internet for material from 1965 to September 2008. Methods were included if they were primarily(More)
This study compares questionnaire assessed physical activity with direct technical measurements among cleaners and office workers, stratified regarding age, gender and self-reported neck/shoulder complaints. During two full working days number of steps was recorded by a pedometer, sitting/standing positions by a posimeter and heart rate by a Sport-Tester.(More)
Differing results have been reported concerning the direction and quantity of the electromyogram (EMG) amplitude response to changes in tissue temperature. The EMG signals from the soleus muscle of six healthy human subjects were therefore recorded during dynamic exercise (concentric contractions) at ambient temperatures of 30°C and 14°C. The mean skin(More)
An industrial assembly task known to imply a high risk for shoulder-neck disorders was simulated in the laboratory. Eight females (aged 22-32 years) were trained to manage industrial work pace (120 according to the methods-time measurement system, MTM). They carried out seven work protocols at different days with different combinations of work pace (120 or(More)
Rationalization efforts in industry, both in the Scientific Management tradition and also based on recent rationalization theories, have as one of their main aims to increase the utilization of workers. Clearly, there is a limit to the amount of physical work each employee can perform without developing musculoskeletal disorders. Such limits are generally(More)