Jørgen Stenvik

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Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is indispensable for recognition of Gram-negative bacteria. We described a trafficking pathway for TLR4 from the endocytic recycling compartment (ERC) to E. coli phagosomes. We found a prominent colocalization between TLR4 and the small GTPase Rab11a in the ERC, and Rab11a was involved in the recruitment of TLR4 to phagosomes in(More)
The clinical presentation of meningococcal disease is closely related to the number of meningococci in the circulation. This study aimed to examine the activation of the innate immune system after being exposed to increasing and clinically relevant concentrations of meningococci. We incubated representative Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (ST-32) and(More)
Staphylococcus aureus may cause serious infections and is one of the most lethal and common causes of sepsis. TLR2 has been described as the main pattern recognition receptor that senses S. aureus and elicits production of proinflammatory cytokines via MyD88 -: NF-κB signaling. S. aureus can also induce the production of IFN-β, a cytokine that requires IFN(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are involved in sensing invading microbes by host innate immunity. TLR2 recognizes bacterial lipoproteins/lipopeptides, and lipopolysaccharide activates TLR4. TLR2 and TLR4 signal via the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor adaptors MyD88 and MAL, leading to NF-κB activation. TLR4 also utilizes the adaptors TRAM and TRIF, resulting in(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is a major world-wide medical problem with high morbidity and mortality. Gram-negative bacteria are among the most important pathogens of sepsis and their LPS content is regarded to be important for the systemic inflammatory reaction. The CD14/myeloid differentiation factor 2 (MD-2)/TLR4 complex plays a major role in the immune response to(More)
OBJECTIVE Meconium, the first intestinal discharge of the newborn, contains material accumulated during fetal life. Meconium activates complement and CD14 and may induce a systemic inflammatory response. Toll-like receptors are classical pattern-recognition receptors recognizing both exogenous and host-derived ligands. The cyanobacterial product CyP is a(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular pathogenesis of chronic skin wounds is complex and not fully understood. Although these wounds are often characterized as being in a state of persistent inflammation, the impact and participation of the innate immune responses in sustaining this inflammation needs further investigation. OBJECTIVE We investigated the cytokine(More)
Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is an important sensor of viral infections and injury of self in keratinocytes. In this study, we stimulated primary keratinocytes with the TLR3-ligand polyI:C. This induced a toxic effect shown by up-regulation of the alarmin high-mobility group protein B1 and reduced responses in a MTT-assay. PolyI:C was a potent inducer of(More)
Several mechanisms are involved in controlling intracellular survival of pathogenic mycobacteria in host macrophages, but how these mechanisms are regulated remains poorly understood. We report a role for Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), an oxidative stress sensor, in regulating inflammation induced by infection with Mycobacterium avium in human(More)
Alginates from seaweed are used in chronic wound management, though the molecular and cellular effects of various alginate dressings are not well documented. We have developed ultrapure sodium-alginates from Pseudomonas fluorescens with different content and distribution of single guluronic acid (G) residues (0-45% G), and tested their biological activities(More)