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sorLA (Sorting protein-related receptor) is a type-1 membrane protein of unknown function that is expressed in neurons. Its homology to sorting receptors that shuttle between the plasma membrane, endosomes, and the Golgi suggests a related function in neuronal trafficking processes. Because expression of sorLA is reduced in the brain of patients with(More)
We report that the Vps10p domain receptor sorLA binds the adaptor proteins GGA1 and -2, which take part in Golgi-endosome sorting. The GGAs bind with differential requirements via three critical residues in the C-terminal segment of the sorLA cytoplasmic tail. Unlike in sortilin and the mannose 6-phosphate receptors, the GGA-binding segment in sorLA(More)
SorLA/LR11 is a sorting receptor that regulates the intracellular transport and processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in neurons. SorLA/LR11-mediated binding results in sequestration of APP in the Golgi and in protection from processing into the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta), the principal component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD).(More)
Apolipoprotein A-V is a potent modulator of plasma triacylglycerol levels. To investigate the molecular basis for this phenomenon we explored the ability of apolipoprotein A-V, in most experiments complexed to disks of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, to interact with two members of the low density lipoprotein receptor family, the low density lipoprotein(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) plays an important role on the cell surface in mediating extracellular degradative processes and formation of active TGF-beta, and in nonproteolytic events such as cell adhesion, migration, and transmembrane signaling. We have searched for mechanisms that determine the cellular location of uPAR and(More)
Some endocytosis receptors related to the low-density lipoprotein receptor, including low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1A, very-low-density lipoprotein receptor, and sorting protein-related receptor, bind protease-inhibitor complexes, including urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and the(More)
Several transmembrane molecules are cleaved at juxtamembrane extracellular sites leading to shedding of ectodomains. We analysed shedding of members of the Vps10p-D (Vps10p domain; where Vps is vacuolar protein sorting) family of neuronal type-I receptors with partially overlapping functions, and additional proteolytic events initiated by the shedding. When(More)
A Vps10p domain makes up the entire luminal part of Sortilin, and this type of domain is the hallmark of a new family of neuronal receptors that target a variety of ligands, including neurotrophins and neuropeptides. We have shown that two structural features of the Vps10p domain, the N-terminal propeptide and the C-terminal segment of ten conserved(More)
The type-1 receptor sorLA/LR11, a member of the Vps10p-domain receptor family that also contains domains characterizing members of the LDL (low-density lipoprotein) receptor family, has been shown to induce increased uPAR (urokinase receptor) expression as well as enhanced migration and invasion activities in smooth muscle cells in the presence of PDGF-BB(More)
The type I transmembrane protein SorCS1 is a member of the Vps10p-domain receptor family comprised of Sortilin, SorLA and SorCS1, -2 and -3. Current information indicates that Sortilin and SorLA mediate intracellular protein trafficking and sorting, but little is known about the cellular functions of the SorCS subgroup. SorCS1 binds platelet-derived growth(More)