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The human transcription factor, UEF3, is important in regulating the activity of the urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) gene enhancer. The UEF3 DNA target site is a regulatory element in the promoters of several growth factor and protease genes. We reported previously that purified UEF3 is a complex of several subunits. In this paper we report the(More)
Based on evidence from morphological and histochemical studies and from clinical experience, the following hypotheses are proposed: carcinoma-in-situ (CIS) germ cells are malignant gonocytes; these CIS gonocytes have some capacity to regress into more primitive, totipotent embryonic cells which can give rise to all types of nonseminomatous germ cell(More)
The products of the mammalian Pbx and Drosophila exd genes are able to interact with Hox proteins specifically and to increase their DNA binding affinity and selectivity. In the accompanying paper we show that Pbx proteins exist as stable heterodimers with a novel homeodomain protein, Prep1. Here we show that Prep1-Pbx interaction presents novel structural(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate the biologic association between germ cell neoplasia and testicular dysfunction, through investigation of Leydig cell function and semen quality in men with carcinoma-in-situ (CIS) of the testis. PATIENTS AND METHODS We examined two groups of men, unilaterally orchidectomized for testicular cancer. Biopsy of the contralateral testis(More)
Carcinoma in situ in the contralateral testis was diagnosed in 27 of 500 patients (5.4%) with unilateral testicular germ cell cancer. Eight of the 27 patients received intensive chemotherapy for spread of their initial testicular cancer. Follow up biopsy studies did not detect changes of carcinoma in situ in any of these patients, and none developed a(More)
A group of 218 patients with unilateral germinal testicular cancer was investigated with biopsy from the contralateral testis and/or semen and hormone analyses after orchidectomy but before irradiation and chemotherapy. In 24% of the biopsies severe irreversible changes such as spermatogenic arrest, Sertoli cell-only tubules, hyalinized tubules, or(More)
The incidence of a second primary testicular germ cell cancer among 2850 (96.6% of eligible) men with a histologically verified first primary germ cell cancer diagnosed in the period 1960-1979 in Denmark was established. Of these 2850 men, 73 (2.6%) developed a contralateral testicular cancer. In five of these patients (0.18%), the tumors were synchronous.(More)
Twenty men (median age, 31 yr) previously treated for unilateral testicular cancer received localized irradiation in a dose of 20 Gray in 10 fractions for carcinoma in situ of the remaining testis. Follow-up testicular biopsies performed 3 (n = 19) and 24 (n = 14) months after the treatment showed in all cases a Sertoli cell-only pattern. Hormonal(More)
Fertility and Leydig cell function were investigated in 31 patients previously treated for nonseminomatous testicular cancer. Twenty-two patients with metastatic cancer had received cisplatin-based chemotherapy, and the median follow-up was 64 months (range, 42 to 100 months). Nine patients without metastases were treated with orchiectomy alone, and(More)