Jørgen Ødegård

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Reliability of genomic selection (GS) models was tested in an admixed population of Atlantic salmon, originating from crossing of several wild subpopulations. The models included ordinary genomic BLUP models (GBLUP), using genome-wide SNP markers of varying densities (1-220 k), a genomic identity-by-descent model (IBD-GS), using linkage analysis of sparse(More)
BACKGROUND Selection schemes aiming at introgressing genetic material from a donor into a recipient line may be performed by backcross-breeding programs combined with selection to preserve the favourable characteristics of the donor population. This stochastic simulation study investigated whether genomic selection can be effective in preserving a major(More)
In classical pedigree-based analysis, additive genetic variance is estimated from between-family variation, which requires the existence of larger phenotyped and pedigreed populations involving numerous families (parents). However, estimation is often complicated by confounding of genetic and environmental family effects, with the latter typically occurring(More)
BACKGROUND When estimating marker effects in genomic selection, estimates of marker effects may simply act as a proxy for pedigree, i.e. their effect may partially be attributed to their association with superior parents and not be linked to any causative QTL. Hence, these markers mainly explain polygenic effects rather than QTL effects. However, if a(More)
BACKGROUND In aquaculture breeding, resistance against infectious diseases is commonly assessed as time until death under exposure to a pathogen. For some diseases, a fraction of the individuals may appear as "cured" (non-susceptible), and the resulting survival time may thus be a result of two confounded underlying traits, i.e., endurance (individual(More)
BACKGROUND In the genetic analysis of binary traits with one observation per animal, animal threshold models frequently give biased heritability estimates. In some cases, this problem can be circumvented by fitting sire- or sire-dam models. However, these models are not appropriate in cases where individual records exist on parents. Therefore, the aim of(More)
Canalization is defined as the stability of a genotype against minor variations in both environment and genetics. Genetic variation in degree of canalization causes heterogeneity of within-family variance. The aims of this study are twofold: (1) quantify genetic heterogeneity of (within-family) residual variance in Atlantic salmon and (2) test whether the(More)
GBLUP (genomic best linear unbiased prediction) uses high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers to construct genomic identity-by-state (IBS) relationship matrices. However, identity-by-descent (IBD) relationships can be accurately calculated for extremely sparse markers. Here, we compare the accuracy of prediction of genome-wide breeding(More)
Genomic selection (GS) allows estimation of the breeding value of individuals, even for non-phenotyped animals. The aim of the study was to examine the potential of identity-by-descent genomic selection (IBD-GS) in genomic selection for a binary, sib-evaluated trait, using different strategies of selective genotyping. This low-cost GS approach is based on(More)