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| To prevent moving shadows being misclassiied as moving objects or parts of moving objects, this paper presents an explicit method for detection of moving cast shadows on a dominating scene background. Those shadows are generated by objects moving between a light source and the background. Moving cast shadows cause a frame diierence between two succeeding(More)
—Research efforts on 3DTV technology have been strengthened worldwide recently, covering the whole media processing chain from capture to display. Different 3DTV systems rely on different 3-D scene representations that integrate various types of data. Efficient coding of these data is crucial for the success of 3DTV. Compression of pixel-type data including(More)
For many orthopaedic, neurological, and oncological applications, an exact segmentation of the vertebral column including an identification of each vertebra is essential. However, although bony structures show high contrast in CT images, the segmentation and labelling of individual vertebrae is challenging. In this paper, we present a comprehensive solution(More)
MPEG-4 is the first international standard that standardizes true multimedia communication – including natural and synthetic audio, natural and synthetic video, as well as 3D graphics. Integrated into this standard is the capability to define and animate virtual humans consisting of synthetic heads and bodies. For the head, more than 70 model-independent(More)
An object-oriented analysis-synthesis coder is presented which encodes objects instead of blocks of N x N picture elements. The objects are described by three parameter sets defining the motion, shape and colour of an object. The parameter sets are obtained by image analysis based on source models of either moving 2D-objects or moving 3D-objects. Known(More)