Jörn Lötsch

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We report that GTP cyclohydrolase (GCH1), the rate-limiting enzyme for tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) synthesis, is a key modulator of peripheral neuropathic and inflammatory pain. BH4 is an essential cofactor for catecholamine, serotonin and nitric oxide production. After axonal injury, concentrations of BH4 rose in primary sensory neurons, owing to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major health issue worldwide. Recently, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP locus were identified to be associated with HBV infection in Asian populations. Most significant associations were observed for the A alleles of HLA-DPA1 rs3077(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Genetic variation in the interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene has been associated with the response to interferon-alfa/ribavirin therapy in hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1-infected patients. The importance of three IL28B single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs8099917, rs12980275 and rs12979860) for HCV genotype 2/3-infected patients is unknown. (More)
Healthy controls were compared to patients with decreased olfactory sensitivity (n = 32) to investigate interactions between the olfactory and trigeminal systems. Amplitudes of chemo-somatosensory event-related potentials in response to suprathreshold trigeminal stimuli (CO2) were found to be smaller in patients (P < 0.05) indicating a decrease of(More)
Codeine is an analgesic drug acting on μ-opiate receptors predominantly via its metabolite morphine, which is formed almost exclusively by the genetically polymorphic enzyme cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6). Whereas it is known that individuals lacking CYP2D6 activity (poor metabolizers, PM) suffer from poor analgesia from codeine, ultra-fast metabolizers (UM)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent studies have described a major impact of genetic variations near the IL28B gene on the natural course and outcome of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C. We therefore, aimed to explore the impact of donor and recipient genotypes of these polymorphisms on hepatitis C virus (HCV) liver graft reinfection. METHODS Donor and(More)
Pharmacological management of severe chronic pain is difficult to achieve with currently available analgesic drugs, and remains a large unmet therapeutic need. The synthetic peptide ziconotide has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency for intrathecal treatment of patients with severe chronic pain that is(More)
BACKGROUND A(δ) and C fibers are the major pain-conducting nerve fibers, activate only partly the same brain areas, and are differently involved in pain syndromes. Whether a stimulus excites predominantly A(δ) or C fibers is a commonly asked question in basic pain research but a quick test was lacking so far. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Of 77 verbal(More)
The liver is the major site of biotransformation for most opioids. Thus, the disposition of these drugs may be affected in patients with liver insufficiency. The major metabolic pathway for most opioids is oxidation. The exceptions are morphine and buprenorphine, which primarily undergo glucuronidation, and remifentanil, which is cleared by ester(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in the ABCB1 gene have been associated with decreased expression and net function of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). We investigated the modulation of the central nervous effects of loperamide resulting from ABCB1 genetic variants. METHODS On two occasions, 20 healthy volunteers received 24 mg loperamide suspension orally and, in a double-blind(More)