Jörgen P Palm

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The gas nitric oxide (NO) is present in high concentrations in human nasal airways. Since NO is known to inhibit the growth of bacteria and viruses, it has been suggested that airborne NO represents the first line of defence against pathogens in the upper airways. Low nasal NO levels have been reported previously in patients susceptible to upper airway(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to analyze upper and lower airway function and the impact of smoking habits in a cohort of allergic and healthy adolescents. The influence of smoking habits on the outcomes of rhinitis and asthma is well documented, but only few reports are available showing smoke related upper airway impairment by rhinometric measurements, and(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have attempted to assess nasal nitric oxide (NO) levels in allergic rhinitis (AR). However, there seem to be differences in the results obtained. We therefore wanted to investigate this further by studying airway NO in AR and controls at several modalities, and also the effect of intranasal administration of the nitric oxide(More)
BACKGROUND Clara cell protein (CC16) is ascribed a protective and anti-inflammatory role in airway inflammation. Lower levels have been observed in asthmatic subjects as well as in subjects with intermittent allergic rhinitis than in healthy controls. Nasal nitric oxide (nNO) is present in high concentrations in the upper airways, and considered a biomarker(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is present in the human nasal airways and has been suggested to originate primarily from the paranasal sinuses. The aim of this study was to establish a new and reproducible method for measurement of nasal NO. Through repeated single-breath measurements the intra- and inter-individual variations of NO levels in nasally (into a tightly(More)
Results from different laboratories indicate that nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) coexist in the human airways both in health and disease. These gases are present in exhaled human breath and high concentrations of NO as well as CO have been reported in the nasal airways. In addition, exhaled CO and NO are increased in patients with airways(More)
Cigarette smoking reduces the level of nitric oxide (NO) in exhaled air by an unknown mechanism. The view that part of the effect of cigarette smoking on NO production should occur in the oropharyngeal tract is supported by several studies. We have therefore compared smokers and non-smokers regarding non-enzymatic formation of NO from nitrite in the oral(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is believed to be involved in the pathophysiology of sepsis. This study evaluated the activity of the NO pathway in a human endotoxin model. At baseline and after endotoxin, on-line measurements of exhaled NO (eNO) were made using a chemiluminescence technique with a single-breath method. NO-free air was inhaled prior to exhalation against(More)
Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) is widely used as a nasal decongestant administered orally in sustained release preparations and, in Sweden, the recommended dose nowadays is 50 mg twice daily for adults. The aim of this placebo-controlled, cross-over study was to determine the onset and duration of the decongestive effect of 50 and 100 mg PPA in 15 healthy(More)
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