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The permanent teeth of 516 7- and 8-year-old Swedish children from a low-fluoride area were examined for developmental enamel defects. Special attention was paid to demarcated opacities in permanent first molars and permanent incisors (MIH). The examination was done in their schools, using a portable light, a mirror, and a probe. The modified DDE index of(More)
A common finding in Swedish children is hypomineralization in first molars of unknown cause. Little is known about the chemical composition of the disturbed enamel. The aim here was to analyse the concentration gradients for F, Cl, Na, Mg, K and Sr in hypomineralized enamel from 17 permanent molars by means of secondary ion mass spectrometry, to complete(More)
The aim of this study was to determine possible etiological factors for a developmental enamel defect, i.e. demarcated opacities, affecting the permanent first molars. A questionnaire about possible etiological factors of enamel developmental defects was filled in by the parents of 8-yr-old children (n=516) prior to a dental examination of permanent teeth.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to investigate pulp healing responses following crown fracture with and without pulp exposure as well as with and without associated luxation injury and in relation to stage of root development. PATIENT MATERIAL AND METHODS: The long-term prognosis was examined for 455 permanent teeth with crown fractures, 352(More)
The relationship between child dental fear and clinical effects, and the importance of some etiological factors related to the development of dental fear in children, were studied in 3,204 urban Swedish children aged 4 to 6 and 9 to 11 yr. Information concerning child dental fear (as measured by the Dental Subscale of Children's Fear Survey Schedule),(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate histopathological changes in primary teeth following trauma, and to look for possible correlations between the morphology of pulpal calcification and clinical findings. The material consisted of 123 primary teeth from 98 Danish children aged 9-108 months (mean age 33.5 +/- 19.7 months) at the time of injury. The(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological appearance of severe hypomineralized enamel of permanent first molars by means of polarized light microscopy, and to estimate the possible time, severity and longevity of the insult. Furthermore, the aim was to survey some commonly implicated aetiological factors in order to gain(More)
In order to establish normative data on the dental subscale of children's fear survey schedule (CFSS-DS), measuring child dental fear, and to study the influence of general fears, parental fears and socio-economic correlates on children's dental fear levels, a questionnaire was sent to parents of a representative sample of 4,505 children aged 4-6, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The neonatal line (NNL) is in principle found in all primary teeth and the line represents the time of birth. Earlier findings of the appearance of the NNL in light microscope and in microradiographs have shown not only changes in the prism direction of the enamel, but that the NNL has a hypomineralized character. METHODS The neonatal line was(More)
In the present retrospective study different dental and medical parameters have been analyzed in 17 Swedish children with established hypophosphatasia (HP). It was demonstrated that the basis for the establishment of the diagnosis varied among different dentists and physicians, and that the diagnostic parameters studied among the children varied. The most(More)