Jörg Thomas Patt

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BACKGROUND Studies of ligand gated channels strongly rely on the availability of compounds that can activate or inhibit with high selectivity one set or a subset of defined receptors. The alkaloid epibatidine (EPB), originally isolated from the skin of an Ecuadorian poison frog, is a very specific agonist for the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors(More)
The carbon-11 labeled enantiomers of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) ligand N-[11C]methyl-homoepibatidine have been synthesized to study the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). In vivo evaluations were performed in mice and pig using positron emission tomography (PET). The radioligands displayed a strong enantioselectivity. The(More)
Functional changes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) are important during age-related neuronal degeneration. Recent studies demonstrate the applicability of the nAChR ligand 2-[(18)F]F-A-85380 for neuroimaging of patients with dementias. However, its binding kinetics demands a 7-h acquisition time limiting its practicality for clinical PET(More)
The subtype-specificity of newly synthesised epibatidine-related compounds, norchloro-fluoro-homoepibatidine (NCFHEB) and derivatives, to neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) has been investigated. NCFHEBs were assayed in competitive binding assays to (+/-)-[(3)H]epibatidine-labelled rat thalamic nAChRs and human alpha4beta2, alpha3beta4, and(More)
Cholinergic neurotransmission depends on the integrity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), and impairment of both is characteristic for various neurodegenerative diseases. Visualization of specific receptor subtypes by positron emission tomography (PET) has potential to assist with diagnosis of such neurodegenerative diseases and with design of(More)
The carbon-11-labelled nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist N-methylepibatidine was evaluated in vitro and in vivo as a possible positron emission tomography (PET)-tracer for nicotinic receptors in the central nervous system (CNS). The racemic mixture and both enantiomers of N-methylepibatidine were compared. Biodistribution and metabolites for(More)
Interest in the field of nicotinic receptors has been recently stimulated both by the discovery of the potential therapeutic effects of new agonists, and by the discovery of an association between nicotinic receptor mutations and human neurological diseases. Expression of human receptors in an exogenous system allows their study in isolation. Receptors(More)
The frog toxin epibatidine is one of the most powerful ligands of the neuronal nicotinic receptors and derivatives show promising possibilities for labeling in positron emission tomography studies. In an attempt to reduce epibatidine toxicity, new methyl derivatives were synthesized, tested in positron emission tomography imaging and in electrophysiology.(More)
BACKGROUND Obtaining the arterial input function (AIF) from image data in dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) examinations is a non-invasive alternative to arterial blood sampling. In simultaneous PET/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI), high-resolution MRI angiographies can be used to define major arteries for correction of partial-volume effects(More)
UNLABELLED (-)-(18)F-flubatine is a promising tracer for neuroimaging of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), subtype α4β2, using PET. Radiation doses after intravenous administration of the tracer in mice and piglets were assessed to determine the organ doses (ODs) and the effective dose (ED) to humans. The results were compared with subsequent(More)