Learn More
Although the killing of dependent infants by adult males is a widespread phenomenon among primates, its causes and consequences still remain hotly debated. According to the sexual selection hypothesis, infanticidal males will gain a reproductive advantage provided that only unrelated infants are killed and that the males increase their chances of siring the(More)
N -Methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated excitotoxicity has been proposed to play a role in the pathogenesis of Huntington disease (HD), an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder associated with defined expansions in a stretch of perfect CAG repeats in the 5' part of the IT15 gene. The number of CAG repeat units is highly predictive for the age at(More)
Although the left and right human cerebral hemispheres differ both functionally and anatomically, the mechanisms that underlie the establishment of these hemispheric specializations, as well as their physiological and behavioral implications, remain largely unknown. Since cerebral asymmetry is strongly correlated with handedness, and handedness is assumed(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by an abnormal expansion of a CAG repeat in the huntingtin HTT (HD) gene. The primary genetic determinant of the age at onset (AO) is the length of the HTT CAG repeat; however, the remaining genetic contribution to the AO of HD has largely not been elucidated. Recent studies(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an attractive candidate for modifying age at onset (AO) in Huntington disease (HD). In particular, the functional Val66Met polymorphism appeared to exert a significant effect. Here we evaluate BDNF variability with respect to AO of HD using markers that represent the entire(More)
BACKGROUND Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathies are a group of genetically heterogeneous diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Mutations in the MFN2 gene have been reported as the primary cause of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A. METHODS Patients with the clinical diagnosis of Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2 were screened using single strand conformation(More)
PURPOSE In order to determine the molecular basis of canine generalized progressive retinal atrophy (gPRA), we initiated whole-genome scanning for linkage in gPRA-informative pedigrees of the Schapendoes breed. METHODS Detailed pedigree and ophthalmological data were assembled in selected Schapendoes pedigrees. A whole-genome scan was initiated by(More)
Appropriate attention levels are pivotal for cognitive processes, and individual differences in attentional functioning are related to variations in the interplay of neurotransmitters. The attention network theory reflects attention as a non-homogenous set of separate neural networks: alerting, orienting and conflicting. In the present study, the role of(More)
The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, is involved in nerve growth and survival. Especially, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the BDNF gene, Val66Met, has gained a lot of attention, because of its effect on activity-dependent BDNF secretion and its link to impaired memory processes. We hypothesize that(More)
Autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia with ocular apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterised by early onset cerebellar ataxia, sensory-motor neuropathy and frequently increased levels of alpha-fetoprotein. We describe a male patient with a phenotype highly suggestive of AOA2, but only one point mutation found by sequencing of the(More)