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This cadaver study assessed the value of navigation in cochlear implant surgery. Cochlear implantation was simulated on a cadaver using a Stryker-Leibinger navigation system and a Nucleus 24 Contour implant. A conventional surgical strategy consisting of mastoidectomy, posterior tympanotomy, and cochleostomy was performed. The navigated surgical procedure(More)
Tissue sections of 32 squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the head and neck were investigated for the expression of the epithelium-specific cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin. We found that E-cadherin expression is inversely correlated both with the loss of differentiation of the tumor and with lymph node metastasis. The well-differentiated SCCs expressed(More)
The indications for endonasal endoscopic approaches to diseases of the skull base and its adjacent structures have expanded considerably during the last decades. This is not only due to improved technical possibilities such as intraoperative navigation, the development of specialized instruments, and the compilation of anatomical studies from the endoscopic(More)
Multiple genes and their variants that lend susceptibility to many diseases will play a major role in clinical routine. Genetics-based cost reduction strategies in diagnostic processes are important in the setting of multiple susceptibility genes for a single disease. Head and neck paraganglioma (HNP) is caused by germline mutations of at least three(More)
The aim of the study was to demonstrate a collision-free trajectory of an instrument through the facial recess to the site of planned cochleostomy guided by a surgery robot. The indication for cochlear implantation is still expanding toward more substantial residual hearing. A cochleostomy as atraumatic as possible will influence the preservation of inner(More)
Down-regulation of E-cadherin, an intercellular adhesion molecule, and up-regulation of autocrine motility factor receptor (gp78) expressions have been shown to play a role in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Monoclonal antibodies against E-cadherin and gp78 were used to stain serial snap-frozen sections of 12 normal bladder and 83 bladder carcinoma(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare inherited disorder clinically characterized by congenital malformations, progressive bone marrow failure and cancer susceptibility. At the cellular level, FA is associated with hypersensitivity to DNA-crosslinking genotoxins. Eight of 17 known FA genes assemble the FA E3 ligase complex, which catalyzes monoubiquitination of(More)
OBJECTIVE The transoral approach is an elegant reliable surgical procedure that provides anterior exposure of the cranial base and the craniocervical junction. Our objective was to demonstrate the advantages of neuronavigation in planning and performing the transoral approach. METHODS Three patients with chordomas and one patient with rheumatoid(More)
PURPOSE Laser ablation of hard tissue is not completely understood until now and not modeled for computer-assisted microsurgery. A precise planning and simulation is an essential step toward the usage of microsurgical laser bone ablation in the operating room. METHODS Planning the volume for laser bone ablation is based on geometrical definitions. Shape(More)