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MOTIVATION The result of a typical microarray experiment is a long list of genes with corresponding expression measurements. This list is only the starting point for a meaningful biological interpretation. Modern methods identify relevant biological processes or functions from gene expression data by scoring the statistical significance of predefined(More)
BACKGROUND Gene Ontology (GO) is a standard vocabulary of functional terms and allows for coherent annotation of gene products. These annotations provide a basis for new methods that compare gene products regarding their molecular function and biological role. RESULTS We present a new method for comparing sets of GO terms and for assessing the functional(More)
Predicting subcellular localization has become a valuable alternative to time-consuming experimental methods. Major drawbacks of many of these predictors is their lack of interpretability and the fact that they do not provide an estimate of the confidence of an individual prediction. We present YLoc, an interpretable web server for predicting subcellular(More)
A long-term goal of numerous research projects is to identify biomarkers for in vitro systems predicting toxicity in vivo. Often, transcriptomics data are used to identify candidates for further evaluation. However, a systematic directory summarizing key features of chemically influenced genes in human hepatocytes is not yet available. To bridge this gap,(More)
We thank the team of the LiDO HPC cluster at the TU Dortmund for their technical support while developing and using both R packages. We also thank Heike Trautmann, Oliver Flasch and Uwe Ligges for helpful discussions and comments. Abstract Empirical analysis of statistical algorithms often demands time-consuming experiments which are best performed on high(More)
The development of multicellular organisms is controlled by differential gene expression whereby cells adopt distinct fates. A spatially resolved view of gene expression allows the elucidation of transcriptional networks that are linked to cellular identity and function. The haploid female gametophyte of flowering plants is a highly reduced organism: at(More)
MOTIVATION Microarray images challenge existing analytical methods in many ways given that gene spots are often comprised of characteristic imperfections. Irregular contours, donut shapes, artifacts, and low or heterogeneous expression impair corresponding values for red and green intensities as well as their ratio R/G. New approaches are needed to ensure(More)
SUMMARY Mixture models of mutagenetic trees constitute a class of probabilistic models for describing evolutionary processes that are characterized by the accumulation of permanent genetic changes. They have been applied to model the accumulation of chromosomal gains and losses in tumor development and the development of drug resistance-associated mutations(More)
Developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) and many forms of reproductive toxicity (RT) often manifest themselves in functional deficits that are not necessarily based on cell death, but rather on minor changes relating to cell differentiation or communication. The fields of DNT/RT would greatly benefit from in vitro tests that allow the identification of(More)
Information on design principles governing transcriptome changes upon transition from safe to hazardous drug concentrations or from tolerated to cytotoxic drug levels are important for the application of toxicogenomics data in developmental toxicology. Here, we tested the effect of eight concentrations of valproic acid (VPA; 25-1000 μM) in an assay that(More)