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BACKGROUND There is emerging awareness that movement disorders rank among the most common neurological diseases. However, the overall burden of these disorders in the general community is not well defined. We sought to assess the prevalence of all common categories of movement disorders in a population, accounting for sex differences and age trends. (More)
Forty-one volunteers (male non-smokers) were exposed to formaldehyde (FA) vapours for 4 h/day over a period of five working days under strictly controlled conditions. For each exposure day, different exposure concentrations were used in a random order ranging from 0 up to 0.7 p.p.m. At concentrations of 0.3 and 0.4 p.p.m., four peaks of 0.6 or 0.8 p.p.m.(More)
The clinical diagnosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA) is fraught with difficulty and there are no pathognomonic features to discriminate the parkinsonian variant (MSA-P) from Parkinson's disease (PD). Besides the poor response to levodopa, and the additional presence of pyramidal or cerebellar signs (ataxia) or autonomic failure as major diagnostic(More)
To determine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns of brain atrophy in parkinsonian syndromes, we applied voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to segmented gray matter, white matter, and cerebrospinal fluid compartments of T(1)-weighted brain volumes of 12 patients with probable multiple system atrophy-parkinson variant (MSA-P) and 12 Parkinson's disease(More)
The basal ganglia seem to be involved in emotional processing. Primary dystonia is a movement disorder considered to result from basal ganglia dysfunction, and the aim of the present study was to investigate emotion recognition in patients with primary focal dystonia. Thirty-two patients with primary cranial (n=12) and cervical (n=20) dystonia were compared(More)
BACKGROUND Severe forms of primary dystonia are difficult to manage medically. We assessed the safety and efficacy of pallidal neurostimulation in patients with primary generalised or segmental dystonia prospectively followed up for 5 years in a controlled multicentre trial. METHODS In the parent trial, 40 patients were randomly assigned to either sham(More)
The present study assessed patterns of brain tissue alterations in different types of primary dystonia using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Nine patients with primary generalized dystonia (GD), 11 patients with primary cervical dystonia (CD), and 11 patients with primary focal hand dystonia (FHD) as well as 31 age and gender-matched controls were included.(More)
This study followed a cohort of 103 patients at median 6 days, 6 and 16 weeks after stroke and recorded muscle tone, pain, paresis, Barthel Index and quality of life score (EQ-5D) to identify risk-factors for development of spasticity. 24.5% of stroke victims developed an increase of muscle tone within 2 weeks after stroke. Patients with spasticity had(More)
In REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), several studies focused on electromyographic characterization of motor activity, whereas video analysis has remained more general. The aim of this study was to undertake a detailed and systematic video analysis. Nine polysomnographic records from 5 Parkinson patients with RBD were analyzed and compared with sex- and(More)
BACKGROUND Progression of parkinsonian motor impairment is usually rapid and relentless in multiple system atrophy (MSA). However, it may also be subject to considerable variation. Prospective natural history studies using validated rating scales are required to accurately determine the progression of parkinsonism in MSA. OBJECTIVE To assess the(More)