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During hemodialysis, cardiopulmonary decompensation may appear in uremic patients, possibly caused by plugging of pulmonary vessels by leukocytes. In 34 patients we noted leukopenia (20% of initial levels) during hemodialysis that in 15 was associated with impaired pulmonary function. When we infused autologous plasma, incubated with dialyzer cellophane,(More)
The mechanism leading to selective accumulation of eosinophils in allergic inflamed tissue is still unknown. In this article, transendothelial migration of circulating eosinophils from normal and allergic individuals is characterized by means of human umbilical vein endothelial cells cultivated on extracellular matrix from human fibroblasts. IL-4(More)
Glycophorins extracted from membranes of young and old human red blood cells have within an error of +/- 1.5% the same sialic acid content when referred to a relative measure of the number of glycophorins. The degree of surface iodination in glycophorins, which was shown to be the same in young and old cells, served as this relative measure. This finding(More)
The prevalence of hereditary thrombophilia is well known in patients with lower-extremity thrombosis but only poorly studied in patients with thrombosis at unusual sites. Consequently, it is still unclear whether such patients should generally be screened for hereditary thrombophilia. We retrospectively analyzed 260 patients with thrombosis at unusual sites(More)
Acute leukopenia occurs in all patients during the first hour of hemodialysis with cellophanemembrane equipment. This transient cytopenia specifically involves granulocytes and monocytes, cells which share plasma membrane reactivity towards activated complement components. The present studies document that complement is activated during exposure of plasma(More)
Eosinophils are known to adhere to cytokine-activated endothelium. Whereas transendothelial migration for neutrophils is an inevitable consequence of this endothelial-dependent adherence, this has not yet been shown for eosinophils. By means of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVE) grown to confluence on microporous filters as an in vitro model of(More)
We report the occurrence of the syndrome of persistent polyclonal B-cell lymphocytosis in a brother and a sister. Both showed the morphological and immunophenotypic features of this rare disorder. In addition both had mild splenomegaly, increase of serum IgM and serological evidence of previous EBV infection. Of interest, two additional brothers had no(More)
In seeking a sensitive indicator for quantitative assessment of hemolytic disease, we found a close dependence of red cell creatine level on cell age. Studies in 21 patients with steady-state hemolysis showed high correlation (r=0.89, p less than 0.001) between reticulocyte counts and red cell creatine levels. Excluding elevation of the creatine level as a(More)
Early studies suggested that the risk of haemorrhagic complications become unacceptable when platelet counts drop below 20 x 10(9)/l. Because there are insufficient data to define 20 x 10(9)/l as the threshold for prophylactic platelet transfusions, the practicability of a more restrictive transfusion policy has been assessed prospectively in 102(More)
In vitro studies have established the complement-activating potency of polyanion-polycation interaction. By transferring the heparin-protamine model to an animal (rabbit) system that picks up ongoing intravascular complement activation by documenting acute granulocytopenia due to margination, evidence that intravascular polyanion-polycation complexing leads(More)