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The hematologic consequences of infection with the noncytopathic lymphocytic choriomen-ingitis virus (LCMV) were studied in wild-type mice with inherent variations in their inter-feron (IFN)-␣ / ␤ responder ability and in mutant mice lacking ␣ / ␤ (IFN-␣ / ␤ R 0/0) or ␥ IFN (IFN-␥ R 0/0) receptors. During the first week of infection, wild type mice(More)
Acute leukopenia occurs in all patients during the first hour of hemodialysis with cellophanemembrane equipment. This transient cytopenia specifically involves granulocytes and monocytes, cells which share plasma membrane reactivity towards activated complement components. The present studies document that complement is activated during exposure of plasma(More)
In seeking a sensitive indicator for quantitative assessment of hemolytic disease, we found a close dependence of red cell creatine level on cell age. Studies in 21 patients with steady-state hemolysis showed high correlation (r=0.89, p less than 0.001) between reticulocyte counts and red cell creatine levels. Excluding elevation of the creatine level as a(More)
Aplastic anemia may be associated with persistent viral infections that result from failure of the immune system to control virus. To evaluate the effects on hematopoiesis exerted by sustained viral replication in the presence of activated T cells, blood values and bone marrow (BM) function were analyzed in chronic infection with lymphocytic(More)
The complement-derived anaphylatoxin C5a and a putative analogue of bacterial chemotactic factor (N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanyl [fMLP]), as well as bacterial lipid A, all stimulate human granulocyte (PMN) adhesiveness and superoxide (O-2) production in a concentration-dependent manner. Since attachment of particulate matter to the PMN membrane is(More)
The importance of adhesion in regulating locomotion and accumulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) has remained vague. We found that the chemotaxis of human PMN resuspended in heat-inactivated plasma was maximal toward 1-10 nM N-formyl-met-leu-phe (f-Met-Leu-Phe), but fell below random motility toward >/= 100 nM. This impressive decrease of motility(More)
Despite numerous reports, the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function remains controversial. We found TNF to be a potent, pertussis toxin-independent stimulator of PMN adhesion (ED50 2.6 pM). TNF-stimulated PMN under adherent conditions released up to 65% of their transcobalamine content (ED50 3.9 pM) and increased(More)
A patient with well documented cyclic neutropenia (CN) was given chronic lithium therapy as well as a short course of plasmapheresis with therapeutic intention. While on lithium therapy, an increase in the amplitude of the granulocyte oscillations was observed, but recurrent agranulocytotic periods persisted. A 2-wk course of plasmapheresis (total exchange(More)
To study mechanisms and mediators regulating the distribution of intravascular granulocytes between circulating and marginated pools, a human model with extreme transient margination, the neutropenia of continuous flow filtration leukophoresis, was analyzed. Studies in animals demonstrated the existence of a complement (C)-derived granulocytopenia-inducing(More)