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Since recent observations indicate that treatment with high-dose intravenous polyvalent intact immunoglobulin leads to a rapid reversal of thrombocytopenia in the idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) of childhood, we decided to apply this treatment to adults with ITP and to test the possibility that the effect of the immunoglobulin might be(More)
The mechanism leading to selective accumulation of eosinophils in allergic inflamed tissue is still unknown. In this article, transendothelial migration of circulating eosinophils from normal and allergic individuals is characterized by means of human umbilical vein endothelial cells cultivated on extracellular matrix from human fibroblasts. IL-4(More)
During hemodialysis, cardiopulmonary decompensation may appear in uremic patients, possibly caused by plugging of pulmonary vessels by leukocytes. In 34 patients we noted leukopenia (20% of initial levels) during hemodialysis that in 15 was associated with impaired pulmonary function. When we infused autologous plasma, incubated with dialyzer cellophane,(More)
Since circulating and marginated human granulocytes are in rapid kinetic equilibrium, cells of these two compartments have been considered to be a homogeneous population. Our studies on the relationship between neutrophil maturity and the granulocyte alkaline phosphatase (GAP) activity cast doubt on this assumption. After iv administration of(More)
Eosinophils are known to adhere to cytokine-activated endothelium. Whereas transendothelial migration for neutrophils is an inevitable consequence of this endothelial-dependent adherence, this has not yet been shown for eosinophils. By means of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVE) grown to confluence on microporous filters as an in vitro model of(More)
Reactive hemophagocytic syndrome (RHS) is a disease of overwhelming macrophage activity triggered by infection, malignancy or autoimmune disorders. Currently used laboratory markers for the quantitative assessment of monocyte/macrophage activation lack lineage-restricted expression patterns and thus specificity. Serum levels of the macrophage specific(More)
The hematologic consequences of infection with the noncytopathic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) were studied in wild-type mice with inherent variations in their interferon (IFN)a / b responder ability and in mutant mice lacking a / b (IFNa / b R 0/0 ) or g IFN (IFNg R 0/0 ) receptors. During the first week of infection, wild type mice(More)
To study mechanisms and mediators regulating the distribution of intravascular granulocytes between circulating and marginated pools, a human model with extreme transient margination, the neutropenia of continuous flow filtration leukophoresis, was analyzed. Studies in animals demonstrated the existence of a complement (C)-derived granulocytopenia-inducing(More)
Persistent polyclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (PPBL) is a rare disorder of unknown aetiology affecting predominantly young to middle-aged women. It is characterized by a polyclonal expansion of B cells, including typical binucleated lymphocytes, and is associated with the presence of the translocation t(14;18), involving the bcl-2 oncogene. The stage of(More)
Seven cases of agranulocytosis and two of liver damage that were probably due to amodiaquine treatment were studied. In five cases agranulocytosis was combined with liver damage, and in one case of primary liver damage moderate neutropenia was present. Three patients died. High total doses or prolonged duration of treatment, or both, appear to favour the(More)