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Super-resolution optical microscopy is a rapidly evolving area of fluorescence microscopy with a tremendous potential for impacting many fields of science. Several super-resolution methods have been developed over the last decade, all capable of overcoming the fundamental diffraction limit of light. We present here an approach for obtaining subdiffraction(More)
Superresolution Optical Fluctuation Imaging (SOFI) as initially demonstrated allows for a resolution enhancement in imaging by a factor of square-root of two. Here, we demonstrate how to increase the resolution of SOFI images by re-weighting the Optical Transfer Function (OTF). Furthermore, we demonstrate how cross-cumulants can be exploited to obtain a(More)
The technique of determining the position of individual fluorescent molecules with nanometer resolution, called FIONA, has become an important tool for several biophysical applications such as studying motility mechanisms of motor proteins. The position determination is usually done by fitting a 2-D Gaussian (x-y vs. photon number) to the emission intensity(More)
We present a new method to measure absolute diffusion coefficients at nanomolar concentrations with high precision. Based on a modified fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS)-setup, this method is improved by introducing an external ruler for measuring the diffusion time by generating two laterally shifted and overlapping laser foci at a fixed and(More)
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) has become an important tool for measuring diffusion, concentration, and molecular interactions of cellular components. The interpretation of FCS data critically depends on the measurement set-up. Here, we present a rigorous theory of FCS based on exact wave-optical calculations. Six of the most important optical(More)
A detailed theoretical and experimental study of the dependence of fluorescence correlation measurements on optical excitation power due to optical saturation effects is presented. It is shown that the sensitivity of a fluorescence correlation measurement on excitation power becomes increasingly stronger for decreasing excitation power. This makes exact(More)
We describe a single-molecule-sensitive method to determine the rate of contact formation and dissociation between tryptophan and an oxazine derivative (MR121) on the basis of measurements of the photon distance distribution. Two short peptides (15 and 20 amino acids) derived from the transactivation domain of the human oncoprotein p53 were investigated.(More)
Guanylyl cyclases (GCs), which synthesize the messenger cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate, control several sensory functions, such as phototransduction, chemosensation, and thermosensation, in many species from worms to mammals. The GC chemoreceptor in sea urchin sperm can decode chemoattractant concentrations with single-molecule sensitivity. The(More)
The centroid of a fluorophore can be determined within approximately 1.5-nm accuracy from its focused image through fluorescence imaging with one-nanometer accuracy (FIONA). If, instead, the sample is moved away from the focus, the point-spread-function depends on both the position and 3D orientation of the fluorophore, which can be calculated by defocused(More)
This article explains the basic principles of FLCS, a genuine fusion of Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC) and Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy (FCS), using common terms and minimum mathematics. The usefulness of the method is demonstrated on simple FCS experiments. The method makes possible to separate the autocorrelation function of(More)