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Occludin is an integral membrane protein with four transmembrane domains that is exclusively localized at tight junction (TJ) strands. Here, we describe the generation and analysis of mice carrying a null mutation in the occludin gene. Occludin -/- mice were born with no gross phenotype in the expected Mendelian ratios, but they showed significant postnatal(More)
Tricellulin is a tight junction protein localized in tricellular tight junctions (tTJs), the meeting points of three cells, but also in bicellular tight junctions (bTJs). To investigate its specific barrier functions in bTJs and tTJs, TRIC-a was expressed in low-level tricellulin-expressing cells, and MDCK II, either in all TJs or only in tTJs. When(More)
The tight junction (TJ) regulates paracellular barrier properties. TJs are composed of transmembrane proteins, i.e., claudins, occludin, tricellulin and junctional adhesion molecules as well as TJ plaque proteins. Their relative abundance and composition determines epithelial tightness. TJs undergo rapid regulation by various signalling pathways, either(More)
The endogenous opioid enkephalin drives ion transport towards absorption. To determine the site and mechanism of this effect, fractionated stripping of guinea-pig ileum was carried out. The muscularis propria, including myenteric plexus, was removed by partial stripping. The submucosa, including the submucosal plexus, plus the muscularis mucosae were(More)
Cell lines matching the source epithelium are indispensable for investigating porcine intestinal transport and barrier properties on a subcellular or molecular level and furthermore help to reduce animal usage. The porcine jejunal cell line IPEC-J2 is established as an in vitro model for porcine infection studies but exhibits atypically high transepithelial(More)
Barrier properties of tight junctions are determined by the claudin protein family. Many claudins seal this barrier, but others form paracellular channels. Among these, no claudins with general and clear-cut anion selectivity have yet been described, while for claudin-10a and claudin-4, only circumstantial or small anion selectivities have been shown. A(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The root extract of the African Uzara plant is used in traditional medicine as anti-diarrheal drug. It is known to act via inhibition of intestinal motility, but malabsorptive or antisecretory mechanisms are unknown yet. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH HT-29/B6 cells and human colonic biopsies were studied in Ussing experiments in vitro.(More)
Distension of rat rectal colon causes electrogenic Cl- secretion via the plexus submucosus Meissner. This study aimed to identify the neurotransmitter(s) of this reflex pathway. Distension was applied to partially stripped rat rectal colon in Ussing chambers. Baseline short-circuit current (Isc) increased and then slowly declined again within 30 min. The(More)
The initial phase of in vitro experiments in Ussing-type chambers on large intestine is characterized by short-circuit currents (ISC) declining from high starting values to a lower plateau within 0.5 h. The origin of this "initial ISC-transient" was investigated by ISC measurements on partially stripped segments of rat rectal colon. Transport was(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced muscle strength is a cardinal feature in cachexia. We investigated whether weight loss is associated differently with muscle strength in men and women in a large cohort of hospitalized patients. METHODS One thousand five hundred hospitalized patients (whereof 718 men, mean age 57.6 ± 16.0 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 24.6 ± 4.8(More)
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