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Studies in invertebrates have led to the identification of a number of genes that regulate lifespan, some of which encode components of the insulin or insulin-like signalling pathways. Examples include the related tyrosine kinase receptors InR (Drosophila melanogaster) and DAF-2 (Caenorhabditis elegans) that are homologues of the mammalian insulin-like(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify adiponectin and its receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) in human granulosa cells (GC) and to study the effects of recombinant human adiponectin on P and E(2) secretion from these cells. DESIGN The effects of recombinant human adiponectin on the secretion of P and E(2) by cultured human GCs were investigated. SETTING Academic(More)
Chicken is characterized by a relative insulin resistance and a physiological hyperglycemia (2g/L) and is also subjected to fattening. Fat deposits in chicken, as in mammals, are regulated by environmental and genetic factors. In mammals, leptin, an adipose cell-specific secreted protein has been characterized that is encoded by ob gene. Leptin regulates(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene that is frequently mutated in human tumors. It functions primarily as a lipid phosphatase and plays a key role in the regulation of phosphatidylinositol-3'-kinase. PTEN appears to play a crucial role in modulating apoptosis by reducing the levels of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, a phospholipid that activates AKT, a central regulator of(More)
In the pituitary, activin stimulates the synthesis and release of FSH. However, the activin receptor signaling pathways that mediate these effects are poorly known. We investigated these mechanisms in primary ovine pituitary cells (POP) and in the murine LbetaT2 gonadotrope cell line. POP cells and LbetaT2 cells express the different activin receptors(More)
Maturation of immature bovine oocytes requires cytoplasmic polyadenylation and synthesis of a number of proteins involved in meiotic progression and metaphase-II arrest. Aurora serine-threonine kinases--localized in centrosomes, chromosomes, and midbody--regulate chromosome segregation and cytokinesis in somatic cells. In frog and mouse oocytes, Aurora A(More)
In mammals, adiponectin and its receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) mRNAs are expressed in various tissues. However, the cellular expression and the role of adiponectin system have never been investigated in rat ovary. Here, we report the presence of adiponectin, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 in rat ovaries, and we have investigated its role in granulosa cells. Using(More)
After insulin binding, insulin receptors (IR) phosphorylate the insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) on specific motifs and thereby initiate insulin action. The interaction between IR and IRS-1 and their expression were studied in vivo in two target tissues (muscle and liver) in chickens, a species that is insulin resistant. To induce extreme changes in(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin is an adipokine, mainly produced by adipose tissue. It regulates several reproductive processes. The protein expression of the adiponectin system (adiponectin, its receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 and the APPL1 adaptor) in bovine ovary and its role on ovarian cells and embryo, remain however to be determined. METHODS Here, we(More)
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA t10, c12, C18:2), linolenic acid (C18:3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6) supplementation on in vitro bovine embryo development, embryo survival after cryopreservation, gene expression and AMPKalpha phosphorylation. Control groups with modified synthetic(More)