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We report here the presence of very high serum levels of the soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) in patients with blood hypereosinophilia with or without detectable markers of malignancy or signs of visceral involvement. The highest sIL-2R levels were observed in 16 eosinophilic patients with T-cell lymphoma (3,440 to 79,500 U/mL). Elevated levels of(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have recently been used successfully in humans to control severe graft-versus-host disease. However, the mechanisms involved in their immunomodulatory effects remain a matter of debate. Here, we show that MSC are unable to activate allogeneic T cells even in the presence of T-cell growth factors. We then found that MSC inhibit(More)
This work aims to demonstrate that CD4(+)CD56(+) malignancies arise from transformed cells of the lymphoid-related plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) subset. The analysis of malignant cells from 7 patients shows that in all cases, like pDCs, leukemic cells are negative for lineage markers CD3, CD19, CD13, CD33, and CD11c but express high levels of(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are central cells in the development of antitumor immune responses, but the number and function of these cells can be altered in various cancers. Whether these cells are affected during the development of melanoma is not known. We investigated the presence, phenotype, and functionality of circulating myeloid DCs (MDCs) and plasmacytoid(More)
Human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play a major role in innate immunity through the production of type I IFNs after TLR engagement by pathogens. Sex-based differences in the innate function of human pDCs have been established, with pDCs from women exhibiting enhanced TLR7-mediated IFN-α production as compared with pDCs from males. In mice, we(More)
Cell-free HIV-1 virions are poor stimulators of type I interferon (IFN) production. We examined here how HIV-infected cells are recognized by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and by other cells. We show that infected lymphocytes are more potent inducers of IFN than virions. There are target cell-type differences in the recognition of infected(More)
This work aims to further characterize the newly described leukemic plasmacytoid dendritic cells (LPDC), for which we had previously demonstrated their normal, PDC-like ability to produce IFN-alpha. In addition, LPDC also express the specific antigens BDCA-2 and BDCA-4. Importantly, they become fully competent antigen-presenting cells (APC) after a short(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are crucial in viral clearance and tumor growth control. Thus the induction of CTL activity is an important aim in vaccine development. We investigate an innovative delivery system for peptide transfer to the MHC class I processing pathway of APC with the aim to trigger CTL in the context of an antitumoral response. The(More)
To assess the sensitivity of primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells to rituximab-mediated cytotoxicity, we compared the potency of several rituximab-mediated killing mechanisms on fresh lymphoma cells. All lymphoma cells tested were equally sensitive to antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), antibody-mediated phagocytosis of tumor cells, and(More)
Plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) have been implicated as crucial cells in antiviral immune responses. On recognizing HIV, they become activated, secreting large amounts of IFN-alpha and inflammatory cytokines, thereby potentiating innate and adaptive antiviral immune responses. Here, we have shown that HIV-stimulated human pDCs can also induce the differentiation of(More)