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Malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) is characterized by genetic heterogeneity. However, except for the MHS1 locus, which corresponds to the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) and for which several mutations have been described, no direct molecular evidence for a mutation in another gene has been reported so far. In this study we show that the(More)
Membrane and nuclear proteins of poor solubility have been separated by high resolution two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis. Isoelectric focusing with immobilized pH gradients leads to severe quantitative losses of proteins in the resulting 2-D map, although the resolution is usually high. Protein solubility could be improved by using denaturing(More)
Central core disease (CCD) is an autosomal dominant congenital myopathy. Diagnosis is based on the presence of cores in skeletal muscles. CCD has been linked to the gene encoding the ryanodine receptor (RYR1) and is considered to be an allelic disease of malignant hyperthermia susceptibility. However, the report of a recessive form of transmission together(More)
Central core disease (CCD) and nemaline myopathy (NM) are congenital myopathies for which differential diagnosis is often based on the presence either of cores or rods. Missense mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor gene (RYR1) have been identified in some families with CCD. Mutations in the alpha-tropomyosin and alpha-actin genes have been(More)
The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by severe mental retardation, congenital cataracts and renal Fanconi syndrome. OCRL1 protein is a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 5-phosphatase with a C-terminal RhoGAP domain. Considering the pleiotropic cellular functions of Rho GTPases (Rho, Rac and Cdc42) and(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary angio-oedema (HAE) has been associated with C1inhibitor deficiency. The first cases of type III HAE were described in patients with normal C1Inh antigenic protein level and function and normal C4 levels in 2000. This finding has been reported mostly in women with a family history and may be influenced by exogenous oestrogen exposure.(More)
The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) is a rare X-linked recessively inherited disease characterized by a severe pleiotropic phenotype including mental retardation, bilateral congenital cataract, and renal Fanconi syndrome. The gene responsible for OCRL encodes an inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase. We performed mutation analysis in 36 families(More)
Triadin is a multiple proteins family, some isoforms being involved in muscle excitation-contraction coupling, and some having still unknown functions. To obtain clues on triadin functions, we engineered a triadin knock-out mouse line and characterized the physiological effect of triadin ablation on skeletal muscle function. These mice presented a reduced(More)
Oculocerebrorenal Lowe syndrome is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by bilateral cataract, mental retardation and renal Fanconi syndrome. The Lowe syndrome protein Ocrl1 is a PIP2 5-phosphatase, primarily localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN), which 'loss of function' mutations result in PIP2 accumulation in patient's cells. Although PIP2 is(More)
AIMS To report the clinical, pathological and genetic findings in a group of patients with a previously not described phenotype of congenital myopathy due to recessive mutations in the gene encoding the type 1 muscle ryanodine receptor channel (RYR1). METHODS Seven unrelated patients shared a predominant axial and proximal weakness of varying severity,(More)