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Malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) is characterized by genetic heterogeneity. However, except for the MHS1 locus, which corresponds to the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) and for which several mutations have been described, no direct molecular evidence for a mutation in another gene has been reported so far. In this study we show that the(More)
Membrane and nuclear proteins of poor solubility have been separated by high resolution two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis. Isoelectric focusing with immobilized pH gradients leads to severe quantitative losses of proteins in the resulting 2-D map, although the resolution is usually high. Protein solubility could be improved by using denaturing(More)
The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by severe mental retardation, congenital cataracts and renal Fanconi syndrome. OCRL1 protein is a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 5-phosphatase with a C-terminal RhoGAP domain. Considering the pleiotropic cellular functions of Rho GTPases (Rho, Rac and Cdc42) and(More)
Central core disease (CCD) is an autosomal dominant congenital myopathy. Diagnosis is based on the presence of cores in skeletal muscles. CCD has been linked to the gene encoding the ryanodine receptor (RYR1) and is considered to be an allelic disease of malignant hyperthermia susceptibility. However, the report of a recessive form of transmission together(More)
The presence of close to 100% large-headed multi-tailed spermatozoa in the ejaculate has been described as a rare phenotype of male infertility with a very poor prognosis. We demonstrated previously that most cases were caused by a homozygous mutation (c.144delC) in the Aurora Kinase C gene (AURKC) leading to the absence or the production of a(More)
Central core disease (CCD) and nemaline myopathy (NM) are congenital myopathies for which differential diagnosis is often based on the presence either of cores or rods. Missense mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor gene (RYR1) have been identified in some families with CCD. Mutations in the alpha-tropomyosin and alpha-actin genes have been(More)
The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) is a rare X-linked recessively inherited disease characterized by a severe pleiotropic phenotype including mental retardation, bilateral congenital cataract, and renal Fanconi syndrome. The gene responsible for OCRL encodes an inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase. We performed mutation analysis in 36 families(More)
Distal arthrogryposis (DA) is a heterogeneous subgroup of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC), a large family of disorders characterized by multiple congenital joint limitations due to reduced fetal movements. DA is mainly characterized by contractures afflicting especially the distal extremities without overt muscular or neurological signs. Although a(More)
Multi-minicore disease is an autosomal recessive congenital myopathy characterized by the presence of multiple, short-length core lesions (minicores) in both muscle fiber types. These lesions being nonspecific and the clinical phenotype being heterogeneous, multi-minicore disease boundaries remain unclear. To identify its genetic basis, we performed a(More)
Infertility concerns a minimum of 70 million couples worldwide. An important proportion of cases is believed to have a genetic component, yet few causal genes have been identified so far. In a previous study, we demonstrated that a homozygous mutation (c.144delC) in the Aurora Kinase C (AURKC) gene led to the production of large-headed polyploid(More)