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The two forms of pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-27 and -38) are neuropeptides of the secretin/glucagon/vasoactive intestinal polypeptide/growth-hormone-releasing hormone family and regulate hormone release from the pituitary and adrenal gland. They may also be involved in spermatogenesis, and PACAP-38 potently stimulates(More)
Despite the role of excitatory transmission to the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in the actions of most drugs of abuse, the presence and functions of cannabinoid receptors (CB1) on the glutamatergic cortical afferents to the NAc have never been explored. Here, immunohistochemistry has been used to show the localization of CB1 receptors on axonal terminals making(More)
Neuronal injury resulting from acute brain insults and some neurodegenerative diseases implicates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptors. The fact that antioxidants reduce some types of brain damage suggests that oxygen radicals may have a role. It has been shown that mutations in Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), an enzyme catalysing superoxide(More)
Among membrane-bound receptors, the G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are certainly the most diverse. They have been very successful during evolution, being capable of transducing messages as different as photons, organic odorants, nucleotides, nucleosides, peptides, lipids and proteins. Indirect studies, as well as two-dimensional crystallization of(More)
Family 3 G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise the metabotropic glutamate (mglu) receptors, GABA(B) receptors, Ca(2+)-sensing receptors and some taste and putative pheromone receptors. All are composed of two domains, an extracellular ligand-binding domain and a transmembrane heptahelical domain that activates G proteins. Here we propose a model for(More)
The effects of the phenylglycine derivatives, alpha-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG), 4-carboxyphenylglycine (4CPG), 4-carboxy-3-hydroxyphenylglycine (4C3HPG), 3-hydroxyphenylglycine (3HPG) and 3,5-dihydrohyphenylglycine (DHPG) were tested on LLC-PK1 cells transiently expressing the rat mGluR1a or mGluR5a receptors. As previously reported by others,(More)
A protein-trap screen using the Drosophila neuromuscular junction (NMJ) as a model synapse was performed to identify genes that control synaptic structure or plasticity. We found that Shaggy (Sgg), the Drosophila homolog of the mammalian glycogen synthase kinases 3 alpha and beta, two serine-threonine kinases, was concentrated at this synapse. Using various(More)
We report the long-term modulation of K+ channels by cAMP in cultured murine colliculi neurons. A short (1-2 s) application of 8-Br-cAMP induced a long-lasting broadening of the action potential, a loss of after-hyperpolarization, and a reduction in spike accommodation. In agreement with these changes, 8-Br-cAMP produced a long-lasting (2 hr) inhibition of(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) can increase intracellular Ca2+ concentration via Ins(1,4,5)P3- and ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in neurons. Both types of store are coupled functionally to Ca2+-permeable channels found in the plasma membrane. The mGluR-mediated increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration can activate Ca2+-sensitive K+ channels(More)
The excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate plays important roles in the mammalian brain, ranging from synaptic plasticity to memory. To mediate these functions, glutamate activates two types of receptors: ligand-gated channels and metabotropic receptors coupled to G-proteins. Both families of glutamate receptors share no sequence homology and possess(More)