József Pál

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Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a widely distributed neuropeptide that has numerous different actions. Recent studies have shown that PACAP exerts neuroprotective effects not only in vitro but also in vivo, in animal models of global and focal cerebral ischemia, Parkinson's disease and axonal injuries. Traumatic brain injury(More)
It is generally believed that the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) changes measured by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in brain pathologies are related to alterations in the water compartments. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of compartmentalization in DWI via biexponential analysis of the signal decay due to diffusion. DWI experiments(More)
This review summarizes protein biomarkers in mild and severe traumatic brain injury in adults and children and presents a strategy for conducting rationally designed clinical studies on biomarkers in head trauma. We performed an electronic search of the National Library of Medicine’s MEDLINE and Biomedical Library of University of Pennsylvania database in(More)
Aquaporin-1 and aquaporin-4, water channel membrane proteins reported in both experimental animals and in adult humans, have been detected in different, non-overlapping areas of the central nervous system. This immunohistochemical study describes the developmental expression pattern of the water channel membrane proteins, aquaporin-1 and aquaporin-4, in(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a bioactive peptide with diverse effects in the nervous system. In addition to its more classic role as a neuromodulator, PACAP functions as a neurotrophic factor. Several neurotrophic factors have been shown to play an important role in the endogenous response following both cerebral ischemia(More)
PURPOSE To examine the changes in MR parameters derived from diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) biexponential analysis in an in vivo intracellular brain oedema model, and to apply electron microscopy (EM) to shed more light on the morphological background of MR-related observations. MATERIALS AND METHODS Intracellular oedema was induced in ten male Wistar(More)
We identified conserved molecules (enzymes, peptides, cytokines) that might play a role in invertebrate innate immunity. We found these molecules by immunoserological and immunohistochemical methods in association with coelomocytes, leukocytes located in the coelomic cavity of the earthworm Eisenia foetida. We detected the enzyme Cu-Zn-superoxide-dismutase(More)
BACKGROUND Functional alterations of innate lymphocytes, which can mount rapid immune responses and shape subsequent T cell reactions, were examined in the acute phase of ischemic stroke. METHODS Frequencies, intracellular perforin and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) expression of Vdelta2 T cells, CD3+ CD56+ natural killer T (NKT)-like and NK cells were(More)
The anti-tumor response of human invariant NKT (NKT) cells is well established. A novel T cell subset, mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, possesses similar regulatory properties to NKT cells in autoimmune models and disease. Here, we examined the clonality of four T cell subsets expressing invariant alphaTCR, including Valpha7.2-Jalpha33 of MAIT(More)
The hepatitis B virus X protein (HBxAg) is responsible for severe complications of HBV infections including primary hepatocellular carcinoma. A sandwich type ELISA and a flow cytometric microbead assay for quantitative determination of serum levels of Hbx-Ag are introduced. We have previously developed monoclonal antibody families against well-conserved(More)