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The effect of Cr(VI) anion on an ergosterol-producing strain of eukaryotic yeast Candida albicans and its mutant with ergosterol-less membrane was studied with EPR spectroscopy. 5- and 14-doxyl stearic acid spin probes were used to label the protoplast membrane after removal of the cell wall. In control experiments, the mutant strain exhibited larger(More)
AIM To analyze the serum levels of retinoids and Leiden mutation in patients with esophageal, gastric, liver, pancreatic, and colorectal cancers. METHODS The changes in serum levels of retinoids (vitamin A, alpha- and beta-carotene, alpha- and beta-cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin, lutein) and Leiden mutation were measured by high liquid performance(More)
Formins are highly conserved proteins that are essential in the formation and regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. The formin homology 2 (FH2) domain is responsible for actin binding and acts as an important nucleating factor in eukaryotic cells. In this work EPR and DSC were used to investigate the properties of the mDia1-FH2 formin fragment and its(More)
The radical scavenging capacity of garlic (allium sativum) has been investigated in vitro in radical generating systems by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and low-level chemiluminescence measurements. Garlic (both the homogenate of 10% in physiological saline solution and its supernatant) was able to reduce the radicals generated by the Fenton(More)
The Cr(VI)-sensitive mutant chr-51S of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe accumulated chromate (CrO(4) (2-)) and reduced Cr(V) to much greater extent, than did its parental strain 6 chr(+). Sublethal doses of K(2)Cr(2)O(7) did not induce any adaptive stress response, while H(2)O(2) or menadione pretreatment proved protective against the cell injuries caused by(More)
A chromate-tolerant mutant chr1-663T bearing a stable one-gene mutation and its parental strain 6chr+ were used to investigate the background of CrVI tolerance in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The mutant chr1-663T displayed a significantly decreased specific glutathione reductase (GR) activity coded by the pgr1 + gene compared with its(More)
The stable Cr(VI)-tolerant chr1-66T mutant of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, which carries one simple gene mutation responsible for Cr(VI) tolerance, accumulated and reduced the chromate anion (CrO(4)(2-)) significantly more slowly than did its parental strain 6chr(+). The mutant chr1-66T proved to be sensitive to oxidative stressors such as H(2)O(2),(More)
Although exposure of Candida albicans cells to high-dose (4 mM) methylprednisolone stimulated microbial growth, germination rate in serum and phospholipase release, it also promoted the recognition of C. albicans cells by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Pretreatment of C. albicans cells with methylprednisolone did not result in any increase in the(More)
Patulin is a toxic metabolite produced by various species of Penicillium, Aspergillus and Byssochlamys. In the present study, its effects on the plasma membrane of fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe were investigated. The phase-transition temperature (G) of untreated cells, measured by electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry proved to be 14.1(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) viral protein R (Vpr) exerts multiple effects on viral and host cellular activities during infection, including induction of cell cycle G(2) arrest and cell death in both human and the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells. In this study, a mutant derivative of Vpr (F34IVpr), which causes transient G2(More)