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Midbrain slices containing the dorsal and medial raphe nuclei were prepared from rat brain, loaded with [3H]serotonin ([3H]5-HT), superfused, and the electrically induced efflux of radioactivity was determined. The nonselective 5-HT receptor agonist 5-carboxamido-tryptamine (5-CT; 0.001 to 1 μM) inhibited the electrically stimulated [3H]5-HT overflow from(More)
A new cell growth inhibitory (P-388 murine leukemia ED50 7.5 micrograms/ml) cycloheptapeptide designated phakellistatin 1 was isolated from two Indo-Pacific sponges, Phakellia costata and Stylotella aurantium. Structural elucidation was accomplished utilizing high field nmr, amino acid analyses, and mass spectral techniques (fab, tandem ms/ms), followed by(More)
AMPA receptors are fast ligand-gated members of glutamate receptors in neuronal and many types of non-neuronal cells. The heterotetramer complexes are assembled from four subunits (GluR1-4) in region-, development- and function-selective patterns. Each subunit contains three extracellular domains (a large amino terminal domain, an agonist-binding domain and(More)
Dolastatin 10 is a potent antimitotic peptide isolated from the marine mollusk Dolabella auricularia. Four of its five residues are modified amino acids (in sequence, dolavaline, valine, dolaisoleuine, dolaproine, dolaphenine). Besides inhibiting tubulin polymerization, dolastatin 10 non-competitively inhibits vinca alkaloid binding to tubulin, inhibits(More)
New structural modifications of the marine shell-less mollusk peptide constituent dolastatin 10 (1) have been synthesized, and evaluated against a variety of cancer cell lines and for their ability to inhibit tubulin polymerization. A number of useful structure-activity relationships were uncovered. The most important observation was that the dolaphenine(More)
A series of potent 5-hydroxytryptamine 7 (5-HT 7) ligands has been synthesized that contain a 1,3-dihydro-2 H-indol-2-one (oxindole) skeleton. The binding of these compounds to the 5-HT 7 and 5-HT 1A receptors was measured. Despite the structural similarity of these two serotonin receptor subtypes, several derivatives exhibited a high selectivity to the(More)
The most dominant hypotheses for the pathogenesis of schizophrenia have focused primarily upon hyperfunctional dopaminergic and hypofunctional glutamatergic neurotransmission in the central nervous system. The therapeutic efficacy of all atypical antipsychotics is explained in part by antagonism of the dopaminergic neurotransmission, mainly by blockade of(More)
Current approaches for treating cancer are limited, in part, by the inability of drugs to affect the poorly vascularized regions of tumors. We have found that C. novyi-NT in combination with anti-microtubule agents can cause the destruction of both the vascular and avascular compartments of tumors. The two classes of microtubule inhibitors were found to(More)
Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonists have been shown to have neuroprotective effects in stroke models and although clinical trials with some agents are still ongoing, published results have not been favourable. We therefore wished to compare the effects of GYKI 52466, GYKI 53405, EGIS-8332 and EGIS-10608,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Blockade of AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid) receptors is a good treatment option for a variety of central nervous system disorders. The present study evaluated the neuroprotective and anticonvulsant effects of EGIS-8332, a non-competitive AMPA receptor antagonist, as a potential drug candidate. (More)