Jóse Ramón Alonso-Fernândez

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Newborn screening (NBS) by tandem mass spectrometry started in Galicia (Spain) in 2000. We analyse the results of screening and clinical follow-up of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) detected during 10 years. Our programme basically includes the disorders recommended by the American College of Medical Genetics. Since 2002, blood and urine samples have been(More)
We describe the history and current implementation of an inexpensive thin layer chromatography (TLC) method, vertical sandwich-type continuous/evaporative TLC with fixed mobile phase volume, that is convenient for detecting and identifying reducing sugars of clinical relevance in the paper-borne blood and urine samples collected in neonatal screening(More)
A procedure for the analysis of sugars of clinical interest in samples of urine impregnated on Whatman 3MM paper is described. The sugars are eluted from the sample and spotted directly on to the application zone of concentration-zone silica gel plates. followed by continuous development. The optimal composition of the eluent and developing solvent and the(More)
We report three novel CFTR missense mutations detected in Spanish patients from Galicia (North West of Spain). In the first case, a patient homozygous for a novel S1045Y mutation died due to pulmonary problems. In the other two cases, both heterozygous for novel mutations combined with the F508del mutation, clinical symptoms were different depending on the(More)
Early diagnosis of phenylketonuria (PKU) became a goal worth pursuing following demonstration of the efficacy of the dietary treatment conceived by Louis I Woolf. This paper narrates the history of this treatment, describes Woolf's role in the establishment of neonatal PKU screening and surveys his other contributions to our understanding of this condition.(More)
BACKGROUND The fact that mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSes) are now treatable, and that the earlier treatment is initiated the better, is an indication for neonatal screening. The most efficient approach seems likely to be a multi-tier procedure in which screening for urinary glycosaminoglycan (GAG) is followed by enzyme determinations in heelprick blood of(More)
Galactosemia is a rare disease that is diagnosed through the identification of different metabolite profiles. Therefore, the specific detection of galactose 1-phosphate (Gal 1-P), galactose (Gal), and uridyl diphosphate galactose (UDP-Gal) confirms type I, II, and III galactosemia diseases. Because of the low prevalence of galactosemia, sample availability(More)
After briefly recalling the main events leading to the establishment of newborn screening programmes, this paper details the early history of their introduction in Spain and sketches their expansion to cover the whole Spanish population. Spain is exceptional in that its screening methods have in general been based on planar chromatographic techniques(More)