Jíri Lísal

Learn More
Double-stranded RNA viruses sequester their genomes within a protein shell, called the polymerase complex. Translocation of ssRNA into (packaging) and out (transcription) of the polymerase complex are essential steps in the life cycle of the dsRNA bacteriophages of the Cystoviridae family (phi6-phi14). Both processes require a viral molecular motor P4, an(More)
Molecular motors undergo cyclical conformational changes and convert chemical energy into mechanical work. The conformational dynamics of a viral packaging motor, the hexameric helicase P4 of dsRNA bacteriophage phi8, was visualized by hydrogen-deuterium exchange and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Concerted changes of exchange kinetics revealed a(More)
Many complex viruses acquire their genome by active packaging into a viral precursor particle called a procapsid. Packaging is performed by a viral portal complex, which couples ATP hydrolysis to translocation of nucleic acid into the procapsid. The packaging process has been studied for a variety of viruses, but the mechanism of the associated ATPase(More)
Many viruses employ molecular motors to package their genomes into preformed empty capsids (procapsids). In dsRNA bacteriophages the packaging motor is a hexameric ATPase P4, which is an integral part of the multisubunit procapsid. Structural and biochemical studies revealed a plausible RNA-translocation mechanism for the isolated hexamer. However, little(More)
P4 is a hexameric ATPase that serves as the RNA packaging motor in double-stranded RNA bacteriophages from the Cystoviridae family. P4 shares sequence and structural similarities with hexameric helicases. A structure-based mechanism for mechano-chemical coupling has recently been proposed for P4 from bacteriophage phi12. However, coordination of ATP(More)
Ion channels have historically been viewed as distinct from secondary active transporters. However, the recent discovery that the CLC 'chloride channel' family is made up of both channels and active transporters has led to the hypothesis that the ion-transport mechanisms of these two types of membrane proteins may be similar. Here we use single-channel(More)
The P4 protein of bacteriophage phi12 is a hexameric molecular motor closely related to superfamily 4 helicases. P4 converts chemical energy from ATP hydrolysis into mechanical work, to translocate single-stranded RNA into a viral capsid. The molecular basis of mechanochemical coupling, i.e. how small approximately 1 A changes in the ATP-binding site are(More)
The physiologically indispensable chloride channel (CLC) family is split into two classes of membrane proteins: chloride channels and chloride/proton antiporters. In this article we focus on the relationship between these two groups and specifically review the role of protons in chloride-channel gating. Moreover, we discuss the evidence for proton transport(More)
Cover art-The P4 hexameric motor in the act of packaging ssRNA into empty capsid. A 20 Å icosahedral reconstruction of 6 procapsid is shown in a cyan isosurface representation (de Haas et al. 1999). The density for one of the P4 turrets has been removed and substituted with a ribbon representation of the crystal structure of hexameric P4 from bacteriophage(More)
  • 1