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Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is recognised as an effective treatment for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. Monitoring NIV during sleep may be preferable to daytime assessment. This paper reports the findings of an international consensus group which systematically analysed nocturnal polygraphic or polysomnographic tracings recorded with either(More)
Nutritional status is both important and difficult to assess in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), particularly in those requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). The current authors evaluated body composition (bio-impedancemetry), resting energy expenditure (REE; indirect calorimetry) and energy intake in 20 adult patients with DMD using home MV(More)
The home ventilator market has grown in size and complexity. The aim of this study was to determine if common home ventilators are user-friendly for trained intensive care unit (ICU) physicians. Eleven ventilator models were tested by 13 ICU physicians without practical experience in home mechanical ventilation. Six tests were defined (start-up, unlocking,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and risk factors of symptoms of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder-related symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and their relatives after an intensive care unit stay. DESIGN Prospective multicenter study. SETTING Nineteen French intensive care units. SUBJECTS One(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of a simple mechanical device to maintain constant endotracheal cuff pressure (Pcuff) during mechanical ventilation (large encased inflatable cuff connected to the endotracheal cuff and receiving constant pressure from a heavy mass attached to an articulated arm). Single-center, prospective, randomized, crossover, pilot study in a(More)
Compared with invasive ventilation, non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has two unique characteristics: the non-hermetic nature of the system and the fact that the ventilator-lung assembly cannot be considered as a single-compartment model because of the presence of variable resistance represented by the upper airway. When NIV is initiated, the ventilator(More)
Diaphragm pacing is an alternative to mechanical ventilation in patients with high cervical cord damage (>C4 dermatome). It brings clinical benefits and reduces health costs [1–3]. It is also indicated in certain cases of central hypoventilation [4]. Two types of diaphragm pacing devices are commercially available. With intrathoracic phrenic stimulation,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Long-term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has become a widespread modality of treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with chronic respiratory failure. However, benefits in terms of patient-related outcomes are still under debate. Both NIV adherence and heterogeneous responses in different COPD phenotypes(More)
In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, respiratory insufficiency is a major burden. Diaphragm conditioning by electrical stimulation could interfere with lung function decline by promoting the development of type 1 muscle fibres. We describe an ancillary study to a prospective, non-randomized trial (NCT00420719) assessing the effects of diaphragm(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency and the tolerance of radiation therapy (RT) on salivary glands in a large series of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with hypersalivation. METHODS AND MATERIALS Fifty ALS patients that had medically failure pretreatment were included in this prospective study. RT was delivered through a(More)