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1. Patch-clamp techniques in conjunction with indo-1 fluorescent measurements were used to measure increases in intracellular free calcium concentration and membrane conductance induced by the activation of nicotinic and calcium channels in cultured rat sympathetic neurons. 2. Under voltage-clamp conditions, pressure application of the nicotinic agonist(More)
1. The M-like current IK(M,ng) in differentiated NG108-15 mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid cells has been studied using tight-seal, whole-cell patch-clamp recording. 2. When calculated from steady-state current-voltage curves, the conductance underlying IK(M,ng) showed a Boltzmann dependence on voltage with half-activation voltage Vo = -44 mV (in 3(More)
Patients with cerebral tumors often present with elevated levels of acetylcholine (ACh) in their cerebrospinal fluid. This motivated us to investigate physiological effects of ACh on cultured human astrocytoma cells (U373) using a combination of videomicroscopy, calcium microspectrofluorimetry and perforated patch-clamp recording. Astrocytoma cells(More)
Using perforated patch recordings in combination with intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) fluorescence measurements, we have identified a delayed Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- current in a mammalian sympathetic ganglion cell. This Cl- current is induced by the synergistic action of Ca2+ and diacylglycerol (DAG) and is blocked by inhibitors of protein kinase C. As a result,(More)
Brainstem structures such as the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (DMNX) are essential for the digestive function of the stomach. A large number of neurotransmitters including glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are involved in the central control of gastric functions. However, the neuropeptidergic(More)
Using whole cell voltage clamp recordings from lamina X neurones in rat spinal cord slices, we investigated the effect of glycine transporter (GlyT) antagonists on both glycinergic inhibitory postsynaptic current (IPSCs) and glutamatergic excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSCs). We used ORG 24598 and ORG 25543, selective antagonists of the glial GlyT(More)
Using patch clamp recordings on neonatal rat spinal cord slices, we have looked for the presence of alpha-bungarotoxin-sensitive nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs) on sympathetic preganglionic neurones (SPNs) surrounding the central canal of the spinal cord (lamina X) and examined whether they were implicated in a fast cholinergic synaptic transmission. SPNs(More)
Transient outward currents (A-currents; IA) were recorded in sympathetic preganglionic neurones (SPNs) and glial cells of the intermediolateral cell column (IML) by whole-cell recordings in rat spinal cord slices. In both cell types IA activated at around -45 mV and the time-course of decay was monoexponential, but faster in glial cells than in neurones. In(More)
It has been shown that the neurotropin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its high-affinity receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase receptor type B (TrkB), contribute to the central control of food intake. BDNF has previously been implicated as a probable downstream effector of melanocortinergic signaling within the ventromedial hypothalamus, and we(More)
Physiological regulations of energy balance and body weight imply highly adaptive mechanisms which match caloric intake to caloric expenditure. In the central nervous system, the regulation of appetite relies on complex neurocircuitry which disturbance may alter energy balance and result in anorexia or obesity. Deoxynivalenol (DON), a trichothecene, is one(More)