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1. Patch-clamp techniques in conjunction with indo-1 fluorescent measurements were used to measure increases in intracellular free calcium concentration and membrane conductance induced by the activation of nicotinic and calcium channels in cultured rat sympathetic neurons. 2. Under voltage-clamp conditions, pressure application of the nicotinic agonist(More)
1. The M-like current IK(M,ng) in differentiated NG108-15 mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid cells has been studied using tight-seal, whole-cell patch-clamp recording. 2. When calculated from steady-state current-voltage curves, the conductance underlying IK(M,ng) showed a Boltzmann dependence on voltage with half-activation voltage Vo = -44 mV (in 3(More)
Patients with cerebral tumors often present with elevated levels of acetylcholine (ACh) in their cerebrospinal fluid. This motivated us to investigate physiological effects of ACh on cultured human astrocytoma cells (U373) using a combination of videomicroscopy, calcium microspectrofluorimetry and perforated patch-clamp recording. Astrocytoma cells(More)
Using perforated patch recordings in combination with intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) fluorescence measurements, we have identified a delayed Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- current in a mammalian sympathetic ganglion cell. This Cl- current is induced by the synergistic action of Ca2+ and diacylglycerol (DAG) and is blocked by inhibitors of protein kinase C. As a result,(More)
Brainstem structures such as the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (DMNX) are essential for the digestive function of the stomach. A large number of neurotransmitters including glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are involved in the central control of gastric functions. However, the neuropeptidergic(More)
Physiological regulations of energy balance and body weight imply highly adaptive mechanisms which match caloric intake to caloric expenditure. In the central nervous system, the regulation of appetite relies on complex neurocircuitry which disturbance may alter energy balance and result in anorexia or obesity. Deoxynivalenol (DON), a trichothecene, is one(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON), one of the most abundant trichothecenes found on cereals, has been implicated in mycotoxicoses in both humans and farm animals. Low-dose toxicity is characterized by reduced weight gain, diminished nutritional efficiency, and immunologic effects. The levels and patterns of human food commodity contamination justify that DON consumption(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON), produced by the cereal-contaminating Fusarium fungi, is a major trichothecene responsible for mycotoxicoses in farm animals, including swine. The main effect of DON-intoxication is food intake reduction and the consequent body weight loss. The present study aimed to identify brain structures activated during DON intoxication in pigs.(More)
Variations in intracellular free calcium concentration (delta[Ca2+]i) were measured in intact and isolated human astrocytoma cells (U373 MG) loaded with fura-2 acetoxymethylester. Microperfusion of 50 nM substance P (SP), applied for 1 s, increased [Ca2+]i by 351 nM from a stable basal level of [Ca2+]i of 26 nM. The peak delta[Ca2+]i induced by SP was dose(More)
Using whole cell voltage clamp recordings from lamina X neurones in rat spinal cord slices, we investigated the effect of glycine transporter (GlyT) antagonists on both glycinergic inhibitory postsynaptic current (IPSCs) and glutamatergic excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSCs). We used ORG 24598 and ORG 25543, selective antagonists of the glial GlyT(More)